Patents

Paving Patents for Webpage (24 May 2019. Last Updated 29 May 2019)


Tessellation-Themed Patents (All US unless otherwise stated)

As such, there is a veritable treasure trove of tessellations in patents, and particularly (and primarily) in paving and related matters, and of which I implicitly include tiles here as well, albeit finding those of interest is not always a straightforward task as otherwise may be thought. Simply stated, to find the treasure from the trash, one has to take sift through many patents by the title alone, of which is all too often either is not essentially relevant or simply of no interest. You may find this unbelievable, but squares, rectangles and regular hexagons all have patents! And relatively modern too, and not from the ‘early days’ as might be expected! All this as to inclusion matters is compounded in that there is no firm dividing line at times of relevancy. Paving/tiling covers a wide description! Other terms encountered include bricks, blocks. Further, there are interesting instances not necessarily so simply described, found by following up on cited references. The listing is in three parts:


1. Generic Patents of Interest

Note that this is not an all-exhaustive listing, but it is indeed thorough; some patents I consider too dull or contrived to bother with.

2. Specialised Aspects

Certain aspects are ordered according to their specialised nature, for the purpose of greater clarity, such as pavements, paving, wood block pavings, tiles, pentagons

3. En Masse

This includes ‘all’ patents of potential interest, even if intrinsically they are are no real interest.


Although this may seem strictly a pointless exercise, this serves to save time on future searches and acts as a reminder as to what I have seen. I return to patent tessellation/pavement matters intermittently, and inevitable one forgets after a period of time away (years) as to what has been surveyed. Further, this serves as a reference point to any correspondent with a like interest as to patents seen, in that time can be served by noting what I have seen. Strictly, the time expended on this project could be better spent on other endeavours, but nonetheless, I do not unduly begrudge this. In due course, I will add more aspects to the listings. As such, due to the scope here, there will be inconsistencies here, as much as it pains me to admit. In short, this is a ‘for fun’ page, albeit I have tried to be my normal thorough self here. Fuerther, this can not as yet of this writing (May 2019) be considered as ‘complete’. Typically, as with most of my studies, these expand from an initial undertaking, so much so that after a while that I become exasperated with the sheer extent of time expanded on the project (as here), and decided to stop and move on to other studies. However, the intention is indeed to return, and complete.


Note that patents protect inventions and new discoveries that are new and non-obvious. There are three types of patents: utility patents, design patents, and (surprisingly to the layman) plant patents. Here, only utility and design are shown. The patents are assumed to be utility by default, with Des. used for those of design. Further, the patents are all available from the dedicated Google page on patents.


As such, the listing is generally ‘balanced’, but regarding history aspects, I include some instances that perhaps if of a more modern day nature would not otherwise be included. Further, for the more worthy instances, and for the sake of clarity, on occasions I add a more specific description of the tiling in brackets.


1. GENERIC PATENTS OF INTEREST

As alluded to in the introduction, I here list those patents of some degree of tessellation interest. Further, the finding of the first paving/tiling tessellation patent, of whatever country, is under investigation. Likely it is much earlier than the earliest shown here, of 1873.

1870s

Kilburn, Wells. ‘Pavements’, 1873. 140,835 (rectangles)

Schillinger, John. J. ‘Concrete Floors and Pavements’, 1874. 147,982

Lyons, Michael F. ‘Tesselated (sic) or Mosaic Pavement’, 1877. 198,638

1880s

Sellers, Willam. ‘Combined Asphalt and Iron pavement’, 1881. 250,456

Thorn, Theodore. ‘Brick’. 400,974 (L-shaped)

Berrie, R. B. ‘Paving Block’, 1889. 400,997

1890s

Hazelton. James P. ‘Paving Block’, 1891. 449,739 (fused regular hexagons)

Guyer, Richard H. ‘Artificial Stone Pavement and Block’, 1881. 244,594 (square and rectangle-based)

Hurlbut, S. A. ‘Paving Block’, 1891. 456,378

Hazelton, James P. ‘Paving Block’, 1891. 449,739 (various fused regular hexagons)

Steiger, Louis A. ‘Interlocking Block’, 1892. 468,840

Graham, George M. ‘Building or Paving Block’, 1892. 474,339 (hexagons and derivatives)

Graham, George M. ‘Artificial Stone Block’, 1892. 470,377 (underlying circle themed)

Simpson, C. E. ‘Interlocking Block for Building, Paving &c’, 1892. 472,590

Felt, George H. ‘Mosaic Pattern’, 1894. 23,059 (decagon, pentagon, and trapezium)

Furness, Frank. ‘Interlocking Tile’, 1896. 565,734 (square-based jigsaw-like)

Mark, John. W. ‘Light or Tile’, 1897. 27,761

Thomas, Evalena S. ‘Design for a Tile’, 1898 (circle arcs of a square)

Jacobs, Jacob. ‘Tile’, 1897. 28,084 (octagon and square subdivision)

W. W. Knowles. ‘Tile for Partitions’, 1899, 621,100

1900s

Furness, Frank. ‘Tile’, 1900. 645,800. (I-beam with kink)

Porter, Cyrus. K. ‘Brick or Block Pavement’, 1901. 681,834

Flood, Alfred L. ‘Tile’, 1902. 708,471 (square and hexagonal jigsaw-like arrangement)

Leary, William J. ‘Paving Brick or Block’, 1902. 710,062 (regular hexagons; square and octagon)

Picha, Adolphe. Paving Tiles, 1902. 739,345

Gregory, Frank E.  ‘Pavement’, 1903. 719,790 (non-regular octagon and square)

Capen, Charles P. ‘Tile Flooring’, 1903. 726,506 (staggered square)

Romanoff, Hippolyte. ‘Manufacture and Arrangement of Parquet Flooring’, 1905. 801,108 (circle packing)

Pugh, John H. ‘Tile’, 1908. 888,530 (S-curved squares, hexagons, equilateral triangles)

Moore, Herbert C. ‘Tile’, 1909. 928,320 (pentagon tiling, including the Cairo Tiling)

Moore, Herbert C. ‘Tile’, 1909. 928,321 (pentagon tiling, including the Cairo Tiling)

1910s

Talamini, Emil. ‘Design for a Tile-Facing’, 1912. 42,404 (regular and irregular par hexagons)

Talamini, Emil. ‘Design for a Tile-Facing’, 1912. 42,405 (equilateral triangles and irregular par hexagons)

Samis, Albert V. ‘Paving-Block’, 1912. 1,045,328

Hopkinson, Ernest. ‘Floor Covering’, 1915. 1,158,051. (square jigsaw-like arrangement)

1920s

Brainerd, Frank E. ‘Paving Block’, 1921. 1,379,440 (square, perforated)

Healy, Leon J. D. ‘Tile’, 1922. 1,437,304 (S-curved square)

Kammer, August Zur. ‘Tile for Walls, Floors, Ceilings, and the Like’, 1922. 1,474,779 (many tilings of undoubted interest, including Pavage De Diane)

Zahn, W. A. ‘Building Block’, 1924. 1,485,007 (u-shape)

Wright, Clarence. ‘Paving Block’, 1924. 1,796,973

Perry, Lewis A. ‘Roadbed Construction’, 1926. 1,595,686 (regular hexagons)

Abraham, Herbert. ‘Roof’. 1928. Des. 75,761 (two irregular symmetrical hexagons)

Bradley, Frank L. ‘Building Block or Brick’, 1928. 1,689,107 (curved rectangle)

Pessione, Luigi. ‘Block for Pavements and Coverings’, 1931. 1,812,711 (cross and hexagons)

Healy, Leon J. D. ‘Paving Block’, 1928. 1,437,304 (S-curved square)

1930s

Wright, Clarence. ‘Paving Block’, 1930. 1,778,927 (circle arc rectangle)

Bolton, Becher B. ‘Tile Block’, 1930. Des. 82,657 (straight line and curve, symmetrical)

Pessione, Luigi. ‘Block for Pavements and Coverings’, 1931. 1,812,711

Rhodes, Fernand J. ‘Mosaic Article’, 1931. 1,838,108 (arc tiles in combination)

Bolton, Becher B. ‘Tile Block’, 1932. Des. 82,970 (straight line and curve, symmetrical)

Bolton, Becher B. ‘Tile’, 1932. Des. 86,076 (straight line and curve, symmetrical)

Keller, Auguste V. ‘Tile’, 1933. 1,895,801 (squares and rectangles; zigzag)

Damianik, João. ‘Formation or Production of Blocks’, 1934. 1,969,729 (S-curved squares, rhombs, rectangles, right-angled isosceles triangles)

Seidler, Otto. ‘Building or Paving Block’, 1935. 2,013,768 (Pythagoras type, weaving)

Galliano, Marc A. M. J. ‘Sheet Glass’, 1935. Des. 97,318 (L Illusion)

Turnquist, Alexander N. ‘Building Block’, 1937. 2,0999,149 (‘dovetail cross’)

1940s

Schaeffer, F. W. ‘Pavement’, 1943. 2,323,848 (two irregular par hexagons)

Green, Norvin. ‘Paving Block’, 1944. 2,340,526 (geometrics, of uncertain tessellation nature)

1950s

Trief, Victor. ‘Paving Block’, 1952. 2,605,681 (arcs and S-curves)

1960s

Plötner, Joachim C. ‘Road Surfacing Unit’, 1960. 2,919,634. (the famous German octagonal wave paver)

Alberti, Rudolf et al. ‘Standard Radiation-Resistant Building Block’, 1960. 2,932,745 (chevrons)

Yacura, Stephen B. ‘Tile Unit or the like for Floors, Walls or other Surfaces’. 1960. Des. 187,739 (straight line and curves)

Strobel, Gordon F. ‘Ubietous (sic) Block’, 1966 (various curve and straight line rectangles, including vase)

1970s

Baumberger, Werner. ‘Paving Stone’, 1970. 3,494,366 (simple symmetric geometrics of a rectangle)

Clemente, Fermin Laguardia. ‘Paving Blocks’, 1971. 3,602,111 (hexagon variations)

Appleton, Sammuel A. ‘Masonry Block’, 1974. Des. 231,926 (fusion of  star octagon and cross)

Dodino, Carlo. ‘System of Self-Tamping Pavement formed by Two Reciprocally Penetrated Sets of Blocks Substantially of Truncated Pyramid Shape’, 1975. 3,897,164 (octagon and square)

Scanni, Nino V. et al. ‘Surfaces Produced by Interlocking Members’, 1976. 3,931,700

Rosenberger, Hugo. ‘Paving Block’, 1976. 3,947,192 (simple geometrics)

Klaffke, Friedmann et al. ‘Lay-Flat Flooring Slab’, 1979. 4,172,168 (simple geometrics)

1980s

Assanti, Philip N. ‘Variable Mosaic Pattern with Interchangeable Components’, 1980. 4,217,740 (somewhat oddly, this quotes Moore (i.e. of pentagons) and many pages in MacMahon without seemingly any connection!)

Thieffry, Luc. ‘Process and Installation for Moulding Paving Stones or Slabs’, 1981. 4,249,358

Hass, Peter O. S. ‘Paving Stone Unit’, 1982. Des. 263,082 (dogbone)

Hair, Roberta A. ‘Interlocking Slab Elements for Covering the Ground and the Like’, 1985. 4,544,305 (fusion of a par hexagon and square, with eight arrangements)

Glickman, Michael N. ‘Paving Block’, 1987. 4,711,599 (chevron, with 12 interesting placements and zigzag)

Barth, Günther et al. ‘Interlocking Ground Covering Elements and Arrangements of Them for Mechanical Laying’, 1989. 4,583,341 (S-curved square and zigzag squares)

Barth, Günther. ‘Paving Stone’, 1989. 4,834,575 (octagon and square)

1990s

Göpfert, Reinhard. ‘Composite Stone Set’, 1990. 4,919,565 (dodecagons and squares)

Naether, Friedrich. ‘Interlocking Paving Block’, 1990. Des. 312,881

Franke, Roland. Uncertain, 1990. EP 0415093B1 (based on square and octagon tiling)

Johnson, John V. ‘Paving Block’, 1991. 5,054,957 (fusion of square and ‘narrow’ hexagon)

Brock, Jean-Jacques. ‘Interlocking Paving Stone’, 1991. Des. 314,829 (cross)

Hair, Roberta A. ‘Paving Stone’, 1992. Des. 328,499. (circle arcs)

Hair, Roberta A. ‘Interlocking Paving Stone’, 1993. 5,244,303 (oddly, same as below!)

Hair, Roberta A. ‘Interlocking Paving Stone’, 1993. 5,108,219 (many ‘fusions’ of interest)

Hair, Roberta A. ‘Interlocking Paving Stone for Open Drainage Ground Cover Pattern’, 1993. 5,201,843 (many ‘fusions’ of interest)

Brock, Jean-Jacques. ‘Embeddable Paving Block Intended for the Surfacing of Roadways and Other Areas of Ground and the Roadways or Other Areas of Ground which are Surfaced with Such Paving Blocks’, 1993. 5,251,997 (cross)

Johnson, John V. ‘Paving Block’, 1994. Des. 343,237 (composite)

Hair, Roberta A. ‘Paving Stone’, 1994. Des. 343,238 (geometric cross of sorts)

Lewis, Richard. ‘Paving and Tiling’, 1994. 5,275,503 (micro mosaic)

Glickman, Michael. ‘Block for Paving and Like Uses’, 1994. 5,277,514

Dubé, Michael S. ‘Frangible Interlocking Paving Block’, 1996. 5,496,129 (Greek cross; tromino)

Hazlett, Darren G. ‘Interlocking Ground Covering Element’, 1997. 5,625,990 (Texas shape)

Scheiwiller, René. ‘Concrete or Ceramics Elements’, 1996. 5,560,173 (half Greek cross)

Geiger, Peter. ‘Plate-Shaped paving stone, in Particular Made of Concrete’, 1997. 5,645,369 (dogbone-like)

Hodson, Christopher D. ‘Surfacing Blocks’, 1999. 5,921,705 (Greek cross with Indentations)

Banze, Henner. ‘Floor Covering made up of Pentagonal Concrete Moulded Parts with Joints Between Them’, 1999. 5,941,657 (curvilinear pentagons)

2000s

Barth, Gunter et al. ‘Paving Stone’, 2000. Des 425,628 (trominoes)

Fleishman, Andy F. ‘Interlocking Paving Block’, 2000. Des. 429,530 (floret pentagon)

Abbrancati, Giuseppe. ‘Paving Stone’, 2000. Des. 431,871

Barbier, Cyrille J. ‘Leaf Paver’, 2003. D480,819

Although Thomas S. Riccobene and Bertin Castonguay has many patents that ostensibly should be listed here, these are considered unworthy of being listed.


2. SPECIALISED ASPECTS OF INTEREST

Simply stated, of focussed interest of a particular aspect, e.g. ‘wood block paving’. On occasions some references appear in more than one category


PAVEMENTS

Explicitly stated as ‘pavements’ (but not pavings), although not always strictly relevant to tessellation

1870s

Beidler, George A. ‘Wood Pavement’, 1870. 106,651

Bushnell, William. ‘Improvements in Wood Pavements’, 1871. 110,954

Reinhard, P. H. and E. F. M. Faehtz. ‘Wood Pavement’, 1871. 113,929

Merlette, John Sr. ‘Improvement in Pavement’, 1872. 127,628 (tenuous in title)

Dyer, J. ‘Improvements in Wood-Pavements’, 1872. 130,027

Kilburn, Wells. ‘Pavements’, 1873. 140,835 (rectangles)

Schillinger, John. J. ‘Concrete Floors and Pavements’, 1874. 147,982

1880s

Guyer, Richard H. ‘Artificial Stone Pavement and Block’, 1881. 244,594 (square and rectangle-based)

Grant, John. ‘Concrete Pavement’, 1885. 330,110

Moore, T. W. ‘Pavement’, 1887. 358,288 (technicalities)

Bignell, William, ‘Pavement’, 1888. 382,683.

1890s

Schaeffer, John S. ‘Pavement’, 1890. 421,618 (of uncertain diagram as to intentions)

Higgins, William F. ‘Pavement’, 1893. 510,259

Perrody, Esprit. ‘Metallic Pavement’, 1894. 529,747

1900s

Schutté, August E. ‘Pavement’, 1904. 768,698

Perkins, Joseph M. ‘Construction of Brick Pavements’, 1907. 862,012

Alcott, Edward. ‘Pavement’, 1909. 929,386 (of no interest as to tessellation)

1910s

Jennison, H. G. ‘Pavement’, 1910. 962,150

Jennison, H. G. ‘Wood Pavement’, 1912. 1,061,296

Jennison, H. G. ‘Wood Pavement’, 1919. 1,302,560

1920s

Jennison, H. G. ‘Block Pavement’, 1920. 1,340,896

Brotsch, Frederick, Jr. A. ‘Pavement Construction’, 1921. 1,384,042

Jennison, H. G. ‘Wood Block Pavement’, 1921. 1,395,829

Triol, Edward K. ‘Concrete Pavement Construction’, 1924. 1,505,174

Hooper, Elmer G. ‘Pavement for Highways’, 1925. 1,557,165 (equilateral triangles)

Streator, Henry D. ‘Pavement’, 1927. 1,636,113

1930s

Pessione, Luigi. ‘Block for Pavements and Coverings’, 1931. 1,812,711 (cross and hexagons)

1940s

Rothmann, Charles H. ‘Landscape Pavement’, 1940. 2,215,159 (various)

Schaeffer, F. W. ‘Pavement’, 1943. 2,323,848 (two irregular par hexagons)

1960s

Pincon, Arthur J. J. B. et al. ‘Pavements and Method of Making the Same’, 1965. 3,171,335

Pilaar, Jan C. ‘Pavement’, 1969. 3,421,417

1970s

Medico, John Jr. ‘Porous Pavement’, 1975. 3,870,422

Dodino, Carlo. ‘System of Self-Tamping Pavement formed by Two Reciprocally Penetrated Sets of Blocks Substantially of Truncated Pyramid Shape’, 1975. 3,897,164 (octagon and square)

1980s

Vesterholt, Jørgen K. ‘Pavement Block’, 1982. Des. 262,742 (rectangle; squares)

 

PAVING BLOCK

Explicitly stated as ‘paving blocks’ or similar, such as stones, elements, bricks, slabs, flags (but not pavements), although not all here are always strictly relevant

1880s

Berrie, Robert B. ‘Paving Block’, 1889. 400,997 (2 x 1 rectangles and a square within a square frame)

1890s

Hazelton, James P. ‘Paving Block’, 1891. 449,739 (various fused regular hexagons)

Hurlbut, Seth E. ‘Paving Block’, 1891. 456,378

Graham, George M. ‘Building or Paving Block’, 1892. 474,339 (hexagons and derivatives)

Graham, George M. ‘Artificial Stone Block’, 1892. 470,377 (underlying circle themed)

1900s

Anderson, D. W. ‘Paving Block’, 1901. 687,106

Leary, William J. ‘Paving Brick or Block’, 1902. 710,062 (regular hexagons; square and octagon)

Mills, Edwin H. ‘Paving and Building Block’, 1906. 829,480

1910s

Sammis, Albert V. ‘Paving Block’, 1912. 1,045,328

Warden, Harry E. ‘Paving Block’, 1915. 1,156,117

Gilbert, William J. ‘Wood-Paving Block’, 1916. 1,184,945

McClain, William. J. ‘Paving Brick’, 1919. 1,314,278 (rectangle)

1920s

Bichan, Herbert. and W. S. Albrink. ‘Paving Block’, 1921. 1,364,236

Brainerd, Frank E. ‘Paving Block’, 1921. 1,379,440 (square, perforated)

Wright, George S. and C. W. Wright. ‘Paving Block’, 1922. 1,417,010

Ito, T. ‘Paving Stone’, 1923. 1,456,259

Healy, Leon J. D. ‘Paving Block’, 1928. 1,437,304 (S-curved square)

Thomson, John G. ‘Interfitting Blocks for Road Paving’, 1928. 1,660,459

Madge, Norman G. ‘Paving Construction’, 1928. 1,673,630

1930s

Wright, Clarence. ‘Paving Block’, 1930. 1,778,927 (circle arc rectangle)

Purdy, John F. ‘Paving Block’, 1932. 1,884,216 (regular hexagons)

Seidler, Otto. ‘Building or Paving Block’, 1935. 2,013,768 (Pythagoras type, weaving)

Fagan, John P. ‘Road Surface and Paving Blocks for Forming Such Surfaces’, 1938. 2,138,270

1940s

Green, Norvin. ‘Paving Block’, 1944. 2,340,526 (geometrics, of uncertain tessellation nature)

1950s

Trief, Victor. ‘Paving Block’, 1952. 2,605,681 (arcs and S-curves)

1960s

Pertien, Johannes. ‘Building-Element, Particularly a Paving Element’, 1965. 3,221,614

Schraudenbach, Paul. ‘Paving Block’, 1967. 3,301,148

1970s

Baumberger, Werner. ‘Paving Stone’, 1970. 3,494,366 (simple symmetric geometrics of a rectangle)

Fenton, Matthew R. ‘Paving Block and Paving Formed Therewith’, 1971. 3,557,669

Clemente, Fermin Laguardia. ‘Paving Blocks’, 1971. 3,602,111 (hexagon variations)

Ludvigsen, Hans T. ‘Tesselation [sic] or Paving Element’, 1973. 3,722,162 (square, rectangle)

Jakobsen, Karna et al. ‘Paving Stones’, 1975. 3,873,225

Rosenberger, Hugo. ‘Paving Block’, 1976. 3,947,192 (simple geometrics)

Lowrigkeit, Paul E. ‘Paving Stone’, 1977. 4,052,131 (of no tessellation interest)

Reinschültz, Hans. ‘Paving Block’, 1978. 4,125,341

1980s

Reinschültz, Hans. ‘Set of Paving Elements for Production of Paving and Method of Using the Same’, 1982. 4,313,689 (of no tessellation interest)

Rinninger, Hans J. ‘Paving Stone’, 1986 (squares, rectangles, and others)

Repasky, John. ‘Paving Block’, 1986. Des. 283,551 (square with notches)

Glickman, Michael N. ‘Paving Block’, 1987. 4,711,599 (chevron, with 12 interesting placements and zigzag)

Barth, Günther. ‘Paving Stone’, 1989. 4,834,575 (octagon and square)

1990s

Naether, Friedrich. ‘Interlocking Paving Block’, 1990. Des. 312,881

Scheiwiller, Rolf. ‘Paving Block Arrangement for Laying a Paving-Set Assembly’, 1991. 5,028,167

Fontana, John D et al. ‘Guttered Paving Blocks’, 1991. 5,046,887

Johnson, John V. ‘Paving Block’, 1991. 5,054,957 (fusion of square and ‘narrow’ hexagon)

Brock, Jean-Jacques. ‘Interlocking Paving Stone’, 1991. Des. 314,829 (cross)

Yoshida, Kinoto et al. ‘Fracture-Free Layered Paving Blocks’, 1991. 5,051,023 (rectangle)

Hair, Roberta A. ‘Paving Stone’, 1992. Des. 328,499. (circle arcs)

Scheiwiller, Rolf. ‘Interconnecting Paving Stones’, 1992. 5,133,620 (of tapering teeth, a copy of Allard)

McCoy, John R. ‘Circular Paving Stone Arrangement’, 1992. 5,137,392

Jacklich, Donald E. Sr. ‘Molding Process for Forming a Concrete Paving Block’, 1993. 5,211,895

Grossman, Norman W. ‘Paving Block Structures’, 1993. 5,230,584 (hexagon)

Brock, Jean-Jacques. ‘Embeddable Paving Block Intended for the Surfacing of Roadways and Other Areas of Ground and the Roadways or Other Areas of Ground which are Surfaced with Such Paving Blocks’, 1993. 5,251,997 (cross)

Johnson, Christopher M. ‘Paving Block’, 1993. 5,267,810. (regular hexagon)

Easy, Kimberly A. ‘Precast Paving Flag’, 1993. Des. 341,218 (square)

Johnson, John V. ‘Paving Block’, 1994. Des. 343,237 (composite)

Hair, Roberta A. ‘Paving Stone’, 1994. Des. 343,238 (geometric cross of sorts)

Martin, Thomas W. ‘Paver Block’, 1994. Des. 347,899 (rectangle)

Kreuger, Ronald G. et al. ‘Paving Stone’, 1994. Des. 349,967 (non-tiling shape)

Kreuger, Ronald G. et al. ‘Paving Stone’, 1994. Des. 352,559 (non-tiling shape?)

Dubé, Michael S. ‘Frangible Interlocking Paving Block’, 1996. 5,496,129 (Greek cross; tromino)

Scheiwiller, René. ‘Paving Stone Construction Set’, 1996. 5,533,827 (curved square)

Wiegand, William Jr. ‘Interlocking Paving Stone’, 1998. Des. 393,727 (irregular hexagons)

Terry, Bridget A. ‘Paving Block’, 1998. Des. 397,802 (multifaceted)

Von Langsdorff, Harald. ‘Hexagonal Mosaic Paving Pattern’ (octagon and squares)

Woolford, Michael E. ‘Paving Block Array’, 1999. 5,884,445 (multifaceted)

2000s

Abbracanti, Giuseppe. ‘Paving Brick’, 2000. Des. 424,212

Barth, Gunter et al. ‘Paving Stone’, 2000. Des. 425,628 (trominoes)

Milot, Eric. ‘Paving Stone’, 2000. Des. 429,343 (non-tiler?)

Fleishman, Andy F. ‘Interlocking Paving Block’, 2000. Des. 429,530 (floret pentagon)

Abbracanti, Giuseppe. ‘Paving Stone’, 2000. Des. 431,871 (zigzag cross)

Conners, Thomas P. et al. ‘Interlocking Paving Block with Interior Illumination Capability’, 2000. 6,027,280 (rectangle; octagon and square)

Hagenah, Gerhard. ‘Paving Stone, Set of Paving Stones for Producing the Same’, 2001. 6,263,633 (rectangle)

Mattox, Jeffrey A. ‘Paver Stone’, 2001. D439,677 (multifaceted)

Fifield, John. ‘Paving Block’, 2001. D442,703 (rectangle)

Scheiwiller, Rolf. ‘Paving Stone’, 2002. 6,471,440 (tenuous as to title)

Barbier, Cyrille J. ‘Leaf Paver’, 2003. D480,819

Schmitz, Michael. ‘Paving Element’, 2004. D498,543 (L-tromino)

Castonguay, Bertin et al. ‘Artificial Paving Block’, 2005.


BUILDING BLOCK

Explicitly stated as ‘building block’, or similar, such as element, tile, although the resulting design is not always strictly relevant

1870s

Luke, Samuel and David Davis. ‘Building-Block’, 1879. 212,243

1890s

Graham, George M. ‘Building or Paving Block’, 1892. 474,339 (hexagons and derivatives)

1900s

Mills, Edwin H. ‘Paving and Building Block’, 1906. 829,480

1910s

Mann, Oscar F. ‘Building Block’, 1910. 952,918 (rectangles)

1920s

Bradley, Frank L. ‘Building Block or Brick’, 1928. 1,689,107

Fenberg, Bror O. E. ‘Building Block’, 1929. 1,699,351

O’Donnell, John A. ‘Building Tile’, 1929. 1,700,542

1930s

Seidler, Otto. ‘Building or Paving Block’, 1935. 2,013,768 (Pythagoras type, weaving)

Turnquist, Alexander N. ‘Building Block’, 1937. 2,0999,149 (‘dovetail cross’)

Paulson, Nils, I. ‘Toy Building Block’, 1938. 2,132,757 (vague)

1940s

Pandolfi, Frank P. ‘Building Block’, 1941. Des. 125,642

1965

Pertien, Johannes. ‘Building-Element, Particularly a Paving Element’, 1965. 3,221,614

1992

Lewis, John F. ‘Z-Shaped Building Block’, 1992. Des. 326,530

 

TILE

Explicitly stated as ‘tile’, or similar, such as tiling, although the resulting design is not always strictly relevant

1890s

Furness, Frank. ‘Interlocking Tile’, 1896. 565,734 (square-based jigsaw-like)

Landers, Dennis J. ‘Drainer Floor and Tile Therefore’, 1896. 572,762 (square)

Jacobs, Jacob. ‘Tile’, 1897. 28,084 (octagon and square subdivision)

Thomas, Evalena S. ‘Design for a Tile’, 1898 (circle arcs of a square)

1900s

Flood, Alfred L. ‘Tile’, 1902. 708,471 (square and hexagonal jigsaw-like arrangement)

Capen, Charles P. ‘Tile Flooring’, 1903. 726,506 (staggered square)

Pugh, John H. ‘Tile’, 1908. 888,530 (S-curved squares, hexagons, equilateral triangles)

1910s

Talamini, Emil. ‘Design for a Tile-Facing’, 1912. 42,404 (regular and irregular par hexagons)

Talamini, Emil. ‘Design for a Tile-Facing’, 1912. 42,405 (equilateral triangles and irregular par hexagons)

Kertes, John. ‘Tile, Quarry, or Brick’, 1913. 1,058,674

1920s

Healy, Leon J. D. ‘Tile’, 1922. 1,437,304 (S-curved square)

Kammer, August Zur. ‘Tile for Walls, Floors, Ceilings, and the Like’, 1922. 1,474,779 (many tilings of undoubted interest, including Pavage De Diane)

Parker, Eugene. ‘Tile’, 1928. 1,694,665

O’Donnell, John A. ‘Building Tile’, 1929. 1,700,542

1930s

Bolton, Becher B. ‘Tile Block’, 1930. Des. 82,657 (straight line and curve, symmetrical)

Bolton, Becher B. ‘Tile Block’, 1932. Des. 82,970 (straight line and curve, symmetrical)

Bolton, Becher B. ‘Tile’, 1932. Des. 86,076 (straight line and curve, symmetrical)

Solon, Paul H. ‘Tile’, 1932. 1,864,153 (subdivided square into right-angled triangles)

Fort, Clarence E. ‘Tile’, 1933. 1,894,584

Keller, Auguste V. ‘Tile’, 1933. 1,895,801 (squares and rectangles; zigzag)

Petty, Kirk F. ‘Alignable Tile’, 1938. 2,111,003

Hagopian, Vahan. ‘Design Producing Tile’, 1939. 2,162,777 (curved markings on a square tile)?

1940s

Ryan, John E. ‘Tile Floor and Wall Covering’, 1949. Des. 154,156

1950s

Gale, Kenneth M. ‘Decorative Tile Surfaces and Methods of Fabricating the Same’, 1955. 2,715,289 (a pattern rather than a tessellation)

1960s

Yacura, Stephen B. ‘Tile Unit or the like for Floors, Walls or other Surfaces’. 1960. Des. 187,739 (straight line and curves)

Smith, Irving. ‘Tiled Wall and Floor Surface Covering and Method and Means for Applying Same’, 1966. 3,270,473 (Tenuous)

Marson, Emilio. ‘Reinforced Flooring Tile’, 1967. 3,344,570 (square composite)

1975

Eusemann, Stephan. ‘Tile, Particularly for Interior Decoration’, 1975. 3,875,716 (subdivided square)

Sears, James W. Jr . ‘Decorative Tile’, 1978. Des. 248,780 (square, with rectangles)

 

FLOORING

Explicitly stated as ‘flooring’, or similar, although the resulting design is not always strictly relevant

1870s

Schillinger, John. J. ‘Concrete Floors and Pavements’, 1874. 147,982

1890s

See, James W. ‘Flooring’, 1892. 479,126 (squares)

Landers, Dennis J. ‘Drainer Floor and Tile Therefore’, 1896. 572,762 (square)

1900s

Capen, Charles P. ‘Tile Flooring’, 1903. 726,506 (staggered square)

1910s

Hopkinson, Ernest. ‘Floor Covering’, 1915. 1,158,051. (square jigsaw-like arrangement)

1930s

Levin, Harold. L. ‘Laminated Flooring’, 1931. 1,828,193 (of no interest as to tessellation)

1960s

Marson, Emilio. ‘Reinforced Flooring Tile’, 1967. 3,344,570 (square composite)

1990s

D’Luzansky, John. ‘Modular Locking Floor Covering’, 1991. 5,052,158

 

WOOD PAVEMENTS

Explicitly stated as ‘wood’ in the title, although not always strictly relevant to tessellation

1870s

Beidler, George A. ‘Wood Pavement’, 1870. 106,651

Bushnell, William. ‘Improvements in Wood Pavements’, 1871. 110,954

Reinhard, P. H. and E. F. M. Faehtz. ‘Wood Pavement’, 1871. 113,929

Dyer, J. ‘Improvements in Wood-Pavements’, 1872. 130,027

1910s

Jennison, H. G. ‘Pavement’, 1910. 962,150

Jennison, H. G. ‘Wood Pavement’, 1912. 1,061,296

Warden, Harry E. ‘Paving Block’, 1915. 1,156,117

Gilbert, William J. ‘Wood-Paving Block’, 1916. 1,184,945

Jennison, H. G. ‘Wood Pavement’, 1919. 1,302,560

1920s

Jennison, H. G. ‘Block Pavement’, 1920. 1,340,896

Jennison, H. G. ‘Wood Block Pavement’, 1921. 1,395,829

 

BRICK

1880s

Cowan, Hugh C. ‘Brick, Concrete Block, &c., 1886. 338,490

1900s

Perkins, Joseph M. ‘Construction of Brick Pavements’, 1907. 862,012

1980s

Trimmer, James E. et al. ‘Textured Brick Form’, 1983. 4,407,480

 

PENTAGONAL:

Calvert 4,357,018

Donchian 110,173

Felt 23,059

1900s

Herbert C. Moore, ‘Tile’, 1909. 928,320 (pentagon tiling, including the Cairo Tiling)

Herbert C. Moore, ‘Tile, 1909. 928,321 (pentagon tiling, including the Cairo Tiling)

Pocklington 5,536,013

VanErmen D549,396

Way 2,901,256

Winfield, 6,527,653.

 

3. EN MASSE

 In short, I here show all plausible patents in the field. However, although ideally, I would list in detail as above, this seems somewhat over excessive for what is all too frequently patents of minimal interest, if indeed of any interest at all. This being so, I here simply give the inventor's name and patent number, albeit where a patent is indeed of particular interest, in regard of ‘notable tiling’, are shown boldened. Patents with the suffix ‘T’ is tenuous, sometimes in the extreme, albeit from a paving reference source. Indeed some references have little to no relevance to paving! X is ‘seen and noted’ (i.e. not downloaded) but of no relevance.

 

A

 

Abbracati D426,897 D431,871; Abracanti D424,212; Abraham D75,761; Alberti et al 2,932,745; Alcott 929,366; Allard D256,817; Allocca 3,746,458; Alcott 929,366; Almy et al 3,056,224; Altmann et al 7,425,106; Anderson 687,106; Appleton D231,926, 3,903,702; Ardit 1,600,787X; Assanti 4,217,740; Atkinson 4,372,705.

 

B

 

Balz 1,410,729X; Banze 5,941,657, EP 415 093B1; Barbier D480,819; Barbour 1,084,058; Barth et al D389,926, D399,978, D425,628, 4,128,357; 4,185,939, 4,583,341, 4,834,575, 5,342,142, 5,360,285, 5,797,698 (T), 5,902,069; Bartlechner 4,761,095; Baumberger 3,494,266; Bedell 696,792 (T); Beidler 106,651; Bennett 681,946; Berrie 400,997; Bichan et al 1,364,236; Bignell 382,683; Biller 3,466,986; Bolli 3,891,340(T), 3,922,105(T); Bolton D82,657, D82,970, D86,076; Bordallo 5,002,425; Borthwick 1,845,579; Bouchard et al 8,668,404, 2012/0247050; Bowes 2,101,019X; Bowman 4,105354; Brainerd 1,379,440; Bradley 1,689,107; Bresnahan 4,878,778X; Brimo 4,776,723; Brinkley D246,544X; Brock D314,829; 5,251,997; Brotsch et al 1,384,236; Bushnell 110,954.

 

C

 

Cadjew 2,509,558X; Capen, 726,506; Carroll 1,479,647; Castonguay et al (8) 8,500,361 B2, D505,733, D522,667, D553,260, D537,959, D543,642, 2012/0189386; 20007/0217865; Childress Jr. et al 4,172,344X; Ciccarello 6,073,411; Clanton D185,592X; Clarke Jr et al 4,492,065X; Clemente 3,602,111; Coleman 3,603,0590X; Collete 4,018,025X; Conners et al 6,027,280; Cowan 338,490; Curtois 2,025,496.

 

D

 

Daigle 3,842,562X; Damianik 1,969,729; Davis et al 3,600,773 (T); Decker et al D159,255; Deslauriers D22,609X, D22,610X; deWitt 2,321,067X; Dodino 3,897,164; DiFrancisco 5,194,969; Dubé 5,496,129; Dukart et al D330,435X; Dyer 130,027.

 

E

 

Easy D341,218; Eggers, 953,413; Eusemann 8,875,716; Evers 2,050,299, 2,094,167X (T).

 

F

 

Fagan 2,138,270; Faudree 3,061,947; Fenberg 1,699,351; Fenton 3,557,669; Fifield D442,703; Fisher (1) 5,945,181*, 2,306,184*; Fisher (2) D 4,550,040; Fitzgerald 3,239,981X; Fleishman D429530, D488,566; Flood 708,470, 708,471; Fontana et al 5,046,887; Fort 1,894,584; Fresquez 4,131,406 (T); Fulton 1,622,103; Furness 565,734, 645,800.

 

G

 

Gable Jr 4,571,353; Gabo 2,549,189; Gale 2,715,289; Galliano D97,318; Gargollo 4,850,739; Gaston 6,185,893X; Geiger 5,645,369, 6,015,243; 6,536,988; Gerald 1,456,499X; Gilbert 1,184,945; Glickman 4,711,599, 5,277,514; Göpert 4,919,565; Graham 470,377, 474,339; Grant 330,110; Green 2,340,526; Gregory 719,790; Grossman 5,230,584 (T); Guyer 244,594.

 

H

 

Hagenah D421,135; 4,773,790, 5,224,792, 5,486,066; 5,588,775 (T), 5,597,591(T), 6,263,633; Hagopian 2,162,777; Hair D328,499 D343,238, D343,460, 4,544,305, 4,973,192; 5,108,219, 5,201,843, 5,244,303, 5,286,139; Hamel D553,759; Hartnell 3,824,755; Hass D263,082; Hayden 306251; Hazelton 449,739; Hazlett 5,625,990; Healy 16,867, 1,437,304; Henderson et al 2,346,304; Hendriks et al 4,828,426 (T); Henry 1,505,642; Higgins 510,259; Hill 722,580, 2,084,141X; Hodson 5,921,705; Hooper 1,577,165; Hopkinson 1,158,051; Hoyt et al 4,026,083; Humphreys Re 19,906; Hupp D342,528; 5,487,526; Hurlbut 456,378; Hybertson 4,921,372.

 

I

 

Ingalls 5,840; Ito 1,456,259; Ivery 741,497X.

 

J

 

Jacklich 5,211,895 (T); Jacobs D28,084; Jacobsen et al 3,873,225; Jennison 962,150, 1,061,296, 1,302,560 1,340,896 1,395,829; Jordan et al 3,923,410, 4,016,692; Jurik 5,466,089; Johnson (1953) 2,629,135X; Johnson 5,267,810; Johnson II D343,237; 5,054,957; Jones 447612.

 

K

 

Kammer 1,474,779; see Zur, Kan 3,953,009; Kapusta 4,681,481X; Keller 1,895,801; Kennedy 653,515; Kertes 1,058,674; Kilburn 140,835; Klaffke et al 4,172,168; Knowles 621,100; Knudsen 4,465,398X; Koenig 2,493,458; Krauss 1,853,824X; Kreuger et al D349,967; D352,559.

 

L

 

Lalvani, 4,620,998, 5,211,692, 5,524,396, 5,775,040; Landers 572,762; Lanz D195,460X; Larsen et al D281,505; Lavin 2,569,065X; Leary 710,062; Leeth 204,803; Levin 1,828,193; Lewis EP 0347113A; Lewis D326,530,5,275,503; Littman 230,478 (T); Lööv 4.445,802X; Lowrigkeit; 4,052,131; Ludvigsen 3,722,162; Luke et al 212,243; Lyons 198,638.

 

M

 

MacDonald 1,976,575X; MacRae 3,267,823; Madge 1,673,630; Manderino 3,030,951X; Manico 141,283X; Mann 952,918; Mark D27,761; Marsh 313,221X; Marson 3,344,570; Martin D347,899; Mattox D439,677; Medico 3,870,422; Metten 5,400,561X; McClain 1,314,278; McCoy 5,137,392; McGiehan; McGilvray 1,174,269X; McKee 2,708,329, 5,568,391; McKeever 4,838,728 (T); Merlette 127,628; Milot D429,343, Milot et al 6,168,347; Miniere D265,689X; Monick 2,836,108 Moore 358,288; Moore, 928,320; 928,321; Morse 110,153; Mullins 4,107,894.

 

N

 

Naether D312,881; Nash 777,858X; Newsom 5,035,098(T); Noack 4,354,773; Notari 2,210,150.

 

O

 

Oden 1,740,110X, O’Donnell 1,700,542 (T); Ogawa et al D426,648X; Oldfather 2,606,428 (T); Osborn 5,619,830.

 

P

 

Pandolfi D125,642 (T?); Parquin-Kleinerman 2,723,607X; Paulson 2,132,757; Parker D102,145; 1,694,655; Perkins 862,012; Perrody 529,747(T), Pertien 3,221,614; Penrose 4,133,152; Perry 1,595,686; Petty 2,111,003; Pietz 3,870,423; Picha 739,345; Pilaar 3,421,417; Pincon et al 3,171,335; Porter 2,060,746; Porter C. K. 681,834; Plotner 2,919,634; Prestele 5,713,155 (T); Prindle 150,710X; Promoli 345,726; Prouty 1877,481X; Puccini et al 4,135,840 (T); D257,824 (T); D257,825 (T), D272,037 (T); Pugh 888,530; Purdy 1,884,216.

 

R

 

Ramoneda 3,304,673X; Reinhard 113,929; Reinschütz 4,125,341, 4,313,689 (T); Renkert 2,095,012; Repassky D283,551; Riccobene (9) RE027,694, D471,990, D536,058, D537,501, 6,668,484, 6,881,463, D586,925, 7,393,155; 2008/0209828; Rhodes 1,838,108; Rinninger 4,572,699; 4,792,257; Roberts 3,214,874; Romanoff 801,108; Roming 4,231,677 (T); Rosenberger 3,947,192; 4,349,293 (T); Rothmann 2,215,159; Rotherrham 4,532,748X; Ruckstuhl 4,496,266, 4,907,909; Russell 4,287,141 (T); Ryan D154,156.

 

S

 

Saleeba 4,452,419; Salgado 8,490,976; Sampson 1,682,687X; Sammis 1,045,328; Sassenberg D414,281; Scanni et al 3,931,700; Schnaar 3,242,832; Schaeffer 421,618; 2,323,848; Scheiwiller D278,934; D278,935; D317,207, D317,208, 4,524,551X; 4,627,764; 4,922,678; 5,028,167; 5,133,620; 5,348,417, 5,503,498; 5,533,827; 5,560,173, 6,471,440; Scholl 3379104; Schillinger 147,982; Schmitz et al D498,543; Schuring D250,898X, 4,031,678X; Schraudenbach 3,343,468, 4,067,1996; Schutte 768,698; Schwartz, 2,368,330; Sears D248,780; See 479,126; Seidler 2,013,768; Sellars 250,456; Sheen 1,460,516; Sherman 3,546,792; Shindo 4,781,492; Simpson 472,590; Skaug 5,281,047; Slosberg et al 3,386,001; Smith, E. F 649,963X; Smith 3,270,473; Solon 1,864,153; Steiger 468,840; Stone D184,463; Stoy D197,127X; Stratton 4,593,513X; Streator 1,636,113; Strazinger 3,522,618X; Strobel 3,229,439; Sweeney D393,726X.

 

T

 

Talamini 42,404; 42,405; Tau 2493,470; Tavares 5,186,574; Terry D397,802; Thieffry 4,249,358; Thomas 28,670; Thomson 1,660,459; Thomassen et al D550,375; Thorn 400,974; Tilley 2,893,098 (T); Tokunaga 3,759,043; Trieff 2,605,681; Trimmer et al 4,407,480 (T); Triol 1,505,174; Turnquist 2,099,149.

 

U

 

Uppström 4,537,001; Urdaneta 4,722,158.

 

V

 

Vesterholt D262,742; Von Langsdorff 5,713,173.

 

W

 

Wallace 4,350,341; Warden 1,156,117; Weber 6,715,956; Wedberg; Weigand D393,727; Welling Jr 4,997,308; Whitman et al 4,474504X; Widmer 5,249,884; Wilkins 2,915,893X; Wilhelm D365,643; Williams 2,991,213 (T); Wilmot 566,489X; Wong 2,710,335X; Woolford D404,147, 5,884,445; Wormser 2,885,207; Wright 1,778,927, 1,796,973; Wurtz 241,771X; Wilson 4,510,725 (T); Wu 5,409,325; Wyatt 1,794,572.

 

XYZ

 

Yacura 187,739; Yoshida et al 5,051,023 (T), Zahn 1,485,007; Zeigler D431,870.

 

As ever with my studies, I am of course interested in receiving any further detail concerning the above.

 

Created 24 May 2019. Last Updated 29 May 2019


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