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References in Print 3

Part 3


Other Popular Terminologies


Aside from the above, in which as a group of five houndstooth terms is explicitly solely implied, there are other terms where houndstooth can be seen, in conjunction with other named fabrics, namely ‘Shepherd’s Check/Plaid/Tartan’, ‘Gun Club Check’, ‘Prince of Wales Check’ and ‘Glen Urquhart/Plaid/ Check’. Note that these all predate houndstooth in terms of nomenclature.


7. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Shepherd's Check’ and Variants

A simple listing of all instances of the specific term ‘shepherd’s check’ and variants such as Shepherd’s Plaid/Maud/Tartan. In short, the term Shepherd’s Check has become the de facto reference, albeit beginning as Shepherd’s Plaid. Rather than following a strict chronology of usage, I use the by far more common term, i.e. Shepherd's Check as the title. Note that near relations with gaps, hyphens and apostrophes of the word such as ‘shepherd’s-check’, ‘shepherds’-check’ are included.

As such, I am spoiled here with a veritable bounty of references, indeed so much so that it is overwhelming! Indeed, on the BNA site alone (21 December 2018), for shepherd’s plaid gives 1800-1849 (618), 1850-1899 (4,535) and from 1900-1949 (2,126) entries! As an aside, interestingly from 1950 onwards, the term fell out of favour. Shepherd’s Check has 1800-1849 (3), 1850-1899 (1,000), and 1900-1949 (418). This is all simply too many too list save for the earliest instances. Therefore, below I have been somewhat selective in various ways.


1812

Caledonian Mercury Monday 30 March 1812 Ad and notice p. 3 (*shepherd’s plaid) BNA

1822

The Scots Magazine Monday 1 April 1822 Article pp. 35-42 (*shepherd-plaid) BNA


1823
Bell's Weekly Messenger Sunday 8 June 1823 Article p. 6 (*shepherd’s plaid) BNA
Bell's Weekly Messenger Monday 9 June 1823 Article pp. 4-5 (*shepherd’s plaid) BNA
The Scots Magazine Monday 1 December 1823 Article pp. 73-83 (*shepherd’s plaid) BNA

1824

Waterford Mail  (ROI) Saturday 4 September 1824 Article p. 4 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA
Cumberland Pacquet, and Ware's Whitehaven Advertiser Tuesday 30 November 1824 Article pp. 3-4 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA
Westmorland Gazette Saturday 18 December 1824  Article p. 4 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA
Pensacola Gazette Saturday, December 11, 1824 p. 1 (*shepherd's plaid) (the first US reference) Ne.

1825

The Scots Magazine Thursday 1 September 1825 Article  pp. 32-37 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA

1827

Perthshire Courier Thursday 12 July 1827  Article p. 2 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA
Caledonian Mercury Thursday 12 July 1827 Article p. 4 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA


1828

Inverness Courier Wednesday 5 March 1828 Article p. 4 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA
Edinburgh Evening Courant Saturday 2 August 1828 Article p. 1 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA
The Scotsman Saturday 2 August 1828 Article p. 4 (*shepherds’ plaid) BNA
Edinburgh Evening Courant Saturday 9 August 1828 Article p. 1 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA

1829

Caledonian Mercury Saturday 10 January 1829 Article p. 3 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA
Edinburgh Evening Courant Thursday 15 January 1829 Article p. 1 (*shepherds’ plaid) BNA
Belfast News-Letter Friday 16 January 1829 Article p. 4 (*shepherd's plaid) BNA
The Scotsman Saturday 17 January 1829 Article p. 4 (*shepherds’ plaid) BNA
Inverness Courier Wednesday 25 November 1829 Article p. 1 (*shepherd plaid) BNA
Inverness Courier Wednesday 2 December 1829 Article p. 3 (*shepherd plaid) BNA
Inverness Courier Wednesday 30 December 1829 (*shepherd plaid) BNA

1830

Inverness Courier Wednesday 28 April 1830 Article p. 3 (*shepherd plaid) BNA

N.B. From 1831-1839 in the BNA there are 356 references for shepherd's plaid (and variants), of which for obvious reasons I here stop listing save for outline form by year!


1831

Shepherd’s Plaid (57) BNA

Brighton Gazette Thursday 4 August 1831 article p. 4 (*shepherd’s tartan) BNA (first reference to ‘shepherd’s tartan’)
South Eastern Gazette Tuesday 16 August 1831 Article p. 3 (*shepherd’s tartan) BNA
The Tasmanian (Hobart Town, Tas.)  Saturday 10 Sep 1831 p. 5 Article (*shepherd’s plaid) (the first Australian reference to shepherd’s plaid) Tr.
The Hobart Town Courier (Tas.) Saturday 17 September 1831 p. 2 Article (*shepherd’s plaid) Tr.
The National Gazette Monday, April 18, 1831 (*shepherd’s plaid) Ne.


1832

Shepherd’s Plaid (16) BNA


1833

Shepherd’s Plaid (5) BNA


1834

Shepherd’s Plaid (9) BNA

Inverness Courier Wednesday 29 October 1834 Article (*shepherd tartans) pp. 2-3 BNA
Inverness Courier Wednesday 5 November 1834 Article p. 3 (*shepherd tartans) BNA
Inverness Courier Wednesday 12 November 1834 Article p. 3 (*shepherd tartans) BNA

1835

Shepherd’s Plaid (57) BNA
Inverness Courier Wednesday 29 April 1835 Article p. 3 (*shepherd tartans) BNA

1836

Shepherd’s Plaid (35) BNA

John o' Groat Journal Monday 2 May 1836 article pp. 1-2 (*shepherd tartan) BNA

1837

Shepherd’s Plaid (15) BNA

Northern Whig (Northern Ireland) Saturday 23 September 1837 p. 3 Article (*shepherds’ check) (the first UK reference to shepherds’ check as a term) BNA

Northern Whig (Northern Ireland) Saturday 30 September 1837 p. 3 Article BNA

Northern Whig (Northern Ireland) Saturday 7 October 1837 p. 3 Article BNA


1838

Shepherd’s Plaid (59) BNA
John Bull Sunday 18 November 1838 Article pp. 1-2 (*shepherd’s mauds) (the first ‘shepherd’s mauds’ reference) BNA

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Monday 26 November 1838 p. 3 Advert (*Shepherd Check) (the first Australian reference) Tr.


1839

Shepherd’s Plaid (122) BNA

John Bull Sunday 20 January 1839 Article p. 1 (*shepherd’s maude) BNA
Cumberland Pacquet, and Ware's Whitehaven Advertiser  Tuesday 7 May 1839 article, p. 3 (first reference to border tartan in UK) BNA (border tartan)

Southern Australian (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 28 August 1839 p. 2 Advert (*Shepherd’s Check) Tr.

South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 31 August 1839 p. 3 Advert (*Shepherd Check) Tr.

Southern Australian (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 4 September 1839 p. 1 Advert (*Shepherd Check) Tr.

South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 7 September 1839 p. 1 Advert (*Shepherd Check) Tr.

Southern Australian (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 11 September 1839 p. 1 Advert (*Shepherd Check) Tr.


1841

Aberdeen Journal, and General Advertiser for the North of Scotland Wednesday, February 17, 1841 p. 22 (*Shepherd Check) Ne. (the first reference in newspapers.com)

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Friday 9 April 1841 p. 3 Advert (*Shepherd Check) Tr.

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Friday 9 April 1841 p. 3 Advert (*Shepherd Check)Tr.

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW) Saturday 10 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

Free Press and Commercial Journal (Sydney) Saturday 10 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Saturday 10 April 1841 p. 4 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW) Saturday 10 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Monday 12 April 1841 p. 4 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Monday 12 April 1841 p. 1 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Tuesday 13 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 13 April 1841 p. 4 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Friday 16 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Friday 16 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney) Saturday 17 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW) Saturday 17 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

Free Press and Commercial Journal (Sydney, NSW) Saturday 17 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Monday 19 April 1841 p. 4 Advert Tr.

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Monday 19 April 1841 p. 3 Advert Tr.


1842

Boston Post Friday, September 2, 1842 (Shepherds Plaid) (the first US reference) NA

1846

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 23 November 1846 p. 1 Advert Tr.

New Zealander, 1 August 1846 p. 1 (*Shepherds Plaid) (the first New Zealand reference to Shepherd’s Plaid) Advert PP

New Zealander, 8 August 1846 p. 4 (*Shepherds Plaid) Advert PP


1847

Wellington Independent 18 September 1847 p. 2 (*Shepherds’ Plaid) Advert PP


1848

Caledonian Mercury Thursday 28 September 1848 Article p. 3 BNA (the first reference to border tartan in Scotland)
Globe Friday 29 September 1848 (border tartan) Article p. 3 BNA
New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian 31 May 1848 p. 1 (*Shepherds’ Plaid) PP
NUMEROUS ENTRIES OF SHEPHERD’S PLAID FOR 1848 FOR NEW ZEALAND, TOO MANY TO LIST


1849

New Market Richmond Enquirer Tuesday, December 25, 1849 (*Shepherd Plaid) NA

1850

Richmond Enquirer March 19, 1850 (*Shepherd and Belgic checks)
New-York Tribune (New York, New York) 28 Oct 1850, Mon (*Shepherd’s Maud) Ne.

1851

Richmond Enquirer Tuesday, November 18, 1851 (*Shepherd Check Coats) NA

1852

Falkirk Herald Thursday 29 April 1852 p. 1 Advert BNA

Falkirk Herald Thursday 6 May 1852 p. 1 Advert BNA

Falkirk Herald Thursday 13 May 1852 p. 1 Advert BNA


1853

Wheeling Daily Intelligencer* February 19, 1853 (the second US reference) (*Shepherd’s check)

Wheeling Daily Intelligencer February 21, 1853
Falkirk Herald Thursday 17 November 1853 p. 1 Article BNA


1854

Alton Weekly Courier Thursday, April 27, 1854 (*Shepherd Check) NA


1856

Saunders's News-Letter ROI Tuesday 13 May 1856  Article p. 4 BNA
Liverpool Mercury Friday 21 November 1856  Advert p. 1 BNA


1857

The Evansville Daily Journal* March 4, 1857 CA (*Shepherd Checks)

Bedford Inquirer and Chronicle April 17, 1857 CA (*Shepherd Checks)

Aris's Birmingham Gazette Monday 29 June 1857 Advert p. 4 BNA

Aris's Birmingham Gazette Monday 24 August 1857 Advert p. 4 BNA

The Guardian 5 December 1897 (the first reference in The Guardian) (*shepherd checks) Ne.


1859

Poole & Dorset Herald Thursday 24 March 1859 Article p. 1 BNA

The Observer June 19 1859 (*shepherd’s check silks) the first  reference in The Observer) Ne.


1862

Nieuw Amsterdamsch handels- en effectenblad 17 June 1862 (Shepherd’s Plaid) (the first reference to Shepherd’s Plaid in the Netherlands) De.


1898

Oelwein Register Wednesday, March 2, 1898 (*Shepherds Plaid) (the first reference to Shepherd’s Plaid in the US) NA


Selected, beyond the date range above

Manawatu Times 19 April 1919, p. 5 (the first New Zealand reference to Shepherd’s Check) PP

Le Temps 31 March 1933 (the first (and only!) French reference)

Freeport Journal Standard Thursday, April 11, 1935 (the first US reference) NA

Daily Express Wednesday 25 Mar 1953, Page 3 (shepherd check) (the first reference in the Daily Express) UKPO

Daily Express Monday 10 October 1910, p. 2 (shepherds plaid) (the first reference in the Daily Express) UKPO

Daily Express Wednesday 25 Mar 1953, p.3 (shepherds check) (the first reference in the Daily Express) UKPO




Australia

France

New Zealand

UK

USA

Netherlands

Shepherd’s Plaid

1831

Not Known

1846

1812

1898/

1862

Shepherd’s Check

1838

Not Known

1919

1837

1850

Not Known

Shepherd’s Maud

1848

Not Known

1880

1838

Not Known*

Not Known

Shepherd’s Tartan

1835

Not Known

1848

1831

1840

1909



Observations

For once, I am now on firmer ground, with the generally given title of Shepherd’s Check attributed to Scotland indeed correlating to print references. As a simple statement, 1812 is the year Shepherd’s Check (as Shepherd’s Plaid) first came into existence. Indeed, for many a year, this was the sole term used, before it was then given additional titles of Shepherd's Tartan, 1831; Shepherd’s Check, 1837 and Shepherd’s Maud, 1839. Subsequently, by far the most favoured title is Shepherd's Check. In relative terms, it took quite a while to become known outside of the UK, with the first foreign instance being Australia, 1838. The first US reference is 1850.




7. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Gun Club Check’ and Variants

A simple listing of all instances of the specific term ‘gun club check’ and variants. Note that near relations with gaps and apostrophes of the word such as ‘Gunclub Check’, ‘Gun-Club Check’. For the sake of thoroughness, ‘Gun Club Plaids’ are also included. However, variations with plaids in the term are rare in the extreme (with one instance in the UK. Checks are by far the more common expression.


1884

Western Daily Press Wednesday 17 December 1884 p. 3 (*Gun Club check) (the first UK reference)  (N.B. The same article appears in the following four 1884 papers) BNA

Herts & Cambs Reporter & Royston Crow Friday 19 December 1884 p. 6 article (*Gun Club check)  BNA
Tavistock Gazette Friday 19 December 1884 p. 6 article BNA (*Gun Club check)

Buckingham Advertiser and Free Press Saturday 20 December 1884 p. 2 article (*Gun Club check) BNA
Kentish Independent Saturday 20 December 1884 p. 6 (*Gun Club check) article BNA

1885

Western Daily Press Tuesday 18 August 1885 p. 12 (*Gun Club checks) article BNA

1892

Liverpool Mercury Saturday, April 2, 1892 p. 1 (first newspapers.com reference) Ne.

Liverpool Mercury Saturday, April 6, 1892 p. 1 Ne.

Liverpool Mercury Saturday, April 7, 1892 p. 1 (*Gun Club Checks) BNA  

The Guardian 14 May 1892 p. 1 (the first reference in The Guardian) Ne.

Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Monday 16 May 1892 p. 1 (*Gun Club Checks) BNA  


1894

Coventry Herald Friday 12 January 1894 p. 4 BNA
Coventry Herald Friday 19 January 1894 p. 4 BNA


1897

Evening Star (Washington, D.C.) November 27, 1897, p. 19, CA (the first US reference)


1898

Omaha Daily Bee January 4, 1898, Page 3, CA

Boston Sunday Globe Sunday, January 30, 1898, Boston, Massachusetts NA

Salt Lake Tribune Sunday, March 27, 1898 (*Gun club checks) NA

Marshall Daily Chronicle Wednesday, September 14, 1898, Marshall, Michigan NA
Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail Friday 29 March 1901 p. 2 BNA

The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (NSW) Saturday 14 September 1901 p. 5 Advert (First Australian reference) Tr.


Selected, beyond the date range above


Winnipeg Free Press Wednesday, April 4, 1900 (*gunclub checks) (the first reference in Canada) NA

Washington Post Sunday, April 10, 1910 (*gun club plaids) (the first reference to plaids in US) NA

The Observer 27 February 1916 p. 1 (*gun-club checks) (the first reference in The Observer)

Auckland Star 2 February 1918 p. 11 Advert  (gun club check) (the first reference to gun club check in New Zealand) PP

Daily Express Friday 2 March 1923, p. 10 (gun club checks) (the first reference in the Daily Express) UKPO

Portsmouth Evening News Tuesday 28 March 1933 (gun club plaids) (the first, and only, reference to plaid in the UK) BNA

Daily Express Wednesday 26 April 1933, p. 8 (gunclub checks) UKPO

Daily Express Saturday 17 May 1969, p. 5 (gun club check) UKPO


By Decades:

UK - 1880-1889 (5), 1890-1899 (2), 1900-1909 (33), 1910-1919 (2), 1920-1929 (28), 1930-1939 (31), 1940-1949 (5) BNA

Australia - 1880-1889 (0), 1890-1899 (0),1900-1909 (23), 1910-1919 (86), 1920-1929 (13), 1930-1939 (96), 1940-1949 (19) Tr

US - 1880-1889 (0), 1890-1899 (10),1900-1909 (4), 1910-1919 (37), 1920-1929 (2), 1930-1939 (64), 1940-1949 (55) NA

France - Not known


Table


Australia

France

New Zealand

UK

USA

Netherlands

Gun Club Check

1901

Not Known

1918

1894

1897

Not Known



Observations

Again, all quite surprising! It is stated that gun club check has a US beginning, with:

… gun club check came by its name naturally after actually being adopted by the American Gun Club in 1874.

In short, the Gun Club embraced it. However, the first reference, is not that of the US, but rather that of UK of 1884, and precedes that of the US of 1897! The first Australian reference is 1901.




8. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Prince of Wales Check’ and Variants

A simple listing of all instances of the specific term ‘Prince of Wales Check’ and minor variants such as ‘Prince of Wales Checks’, Prince of Wales Checked’ (last rare), and presumably the same references ‘Prince of Wales Tweed’, ‘Prince of Wales Plaid’.


1842

Norwich Mercury Saturday 26 March 1842 p. 2 (*Prince of Wales checks) (the first UK reference) BNA

Staffordshire Advertiser Saturday 23 April 1842 p. 1 (*Prince of Wales checks) BNA

Staffordshire Advertiser Saturday 22 October 1842 p. 1 (*Prince of Wales plaids) BNA

Stamford Mercury Friday 25 November 1842 p. 2 (*Prince of Wales, plaids, checks) BNA


1864

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 11 January 1864 p. 2 Advert  (first Australian reference) Tr.

The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 12 January 1864 p. 2 Advert Tr.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 4 February 1864 p. 2 Advert Tr.


1866

Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld.) Tuesday 13 March 1866 p. 1 Advert Tr.


1867

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 3 September 1867 p 2 Advertising (*Prince of Wales plaid vestas). The first of many Australian entries with ‘PoW vestas’. Faux? Seemingly referring to matches. Tr.


1882

Herts & Cambs Reporter & Royston Crow Friday 13 January 1882 (*Prince of Wales, plaids, checks) BNA

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 11 February 1882 p. 2 Article (*the Prince of Wales's new plaid) Tr.


1883

Glasgow Evening Post Friday 27 July 1883 p. 1 Article (*Prince of Wales checks) BNA

Glasgow Evening Post Thursday 18 October 1883 p. 1 Article (Prince of Wales checks) BNA


1884

Philadelphia Times Friday, March 28, 1884 (the first US PoW plaid reference) (*Prince of Wales plaids) NA


1887

Kansas City Star Monday, October 17, 1887 (*Prince of Wales plaid) NA

Massillon Independent Friday, November 18, 1887 (*Prince of Wales plaid) NA

High Point Enterprise Friday, December 9, 1887 (*Prince of Wales plaid) NA


1891

Oamaru Mail 30 June 1891 p. 2 Advert (the first New Zealand reference) PP

(The Oamaru Mail then ran the same advert for 1-4, 6-11, 13-14 July 1891 before then ceasing)

1892

The Seattle Post-Intelligencer Sunday, March 6, 1892 p. 11 (the first newspapers.com reference) Ne.

The Weekly Times-Democrat Friday, March 11, 1892 p. 7 Ne.


1897

Sioux City Journal Friday, October 8, 1897 p. 5 (the first US reference) Ne.


1904

Traverse City Evening Record Monday, August 8, 1904 (*Prince of Wales plaids) NA

Hamilton Evening Democrat Friday, September 30, 1904 (*Prince of Wales check) NA (the first NA PoW check reference)


1906

Baltimore Sun Saturday, May 5, 1906 (*Prince of Wales Checks) NA

Fitchburg Sentinel Monday, May 28, 1906 Advert (*Prince of Wales Checks) NA

Note that the same advert appears in the Sentinel on: 1, 4, 5 June 1906 and April 8 1907


1920

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 28 June 1920 p. 3 Advert Tr.


1921

Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Friday 29 July 1921 p. 4 Advert Tr.

Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Friday 12 August 1921 p. 4 Advert Tr.
New Zealand Herald 25 June 1921 p. 14 Advert PP


1922

Diss Express Friday 21 April 1922 p. 5 Article BNA

Kingston Daily Freeman Monday, September 11, 1922 NA

Boston Evening Globe Saturday, December 16, 1922 (*Prince of Wales Checks) NA


1923

Waukesha Daily Freeman Friday, March 30, 1923 NA

Daily Express Saturday 3 Feb 1923, p. 12 UKPO


1924

Belfast Telegraph (NI) Thursday 29 May 1924 p. 3 Article BNA

Muscatine Journal and News Tribune Thursday, December 4, 1924 NA

Liverpool Echo Tuesday 9 December 1924 p. 1 Article BNA


1926

Muscatine Journal and News Tribune Wednesday, July 28, 1926, NA

Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 17 October 1926 p 15 Article Tr.

The Newcastle Sun (NSW) Wednesday 24 November 1926 p 3 Article Tr.

Belmont News Thursday, February 25, 1926 (*Prince of Wales Checks) NA (first Canada reference)


1927

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW) Friday 8 July 1927 p 8 Advert Tr.

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas.) Thursday 22 September 1927 p 3 Article Tr.

1932

Portsmouth Evening News Friday 11 March 1932 p. 11 BNA

Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette Friday 12 February 1932 Article p. 12 BNA

Salt Lake City Telegram Monday, October 10, 1932 (*Prince of Wales plaid) N.B. ‘PoW plaid’ became popular term in the US from this date (first used 1887), too many to list. NA

1933

Kalgoorlie Miner (WA) Saturday 1 July 1933 p 7 Advert Tr.


Selected, beyond the date range above


Winnipeg Free Press Monday, September 4, 1944 (*Prince of Wales check) (first reference in Canada) NA
The Observer 14 September 1947 p. 7 (first reference in The Observer) Ne.

The Guardian 13 August 1954 p. 3 (first reference in The Guardian) Ne.


UK - 1920-1929 (2), 1930-1939 (48), 1940-1949 (17) BNA


Table


Australia

France

New Zealand

UK

USA

Netherlands

Prince of Wales Check

1864

Not Known

1891

1842

1892

Not Known



Observations

For once a consistent, logical beginning, with a presumed UK source of 1842, although it was for many a year not widely use. Australia is the second reference, of 1864, then New Zealand 1891, and US, in 1892. It is not known in France.




9. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Glenurquhart Check’ and Variants

A simple listing of all instances of the specific term ‘glenurquhart check’ and variants of the word such as ‘glen urquhart check’ and ‘glenurquhart plaid’, ‘glenurquhart plaid. And simply ‘glenurquharts’, without any further description to the term. And hyphens too, with glen-urquhart with all the check/plaid/tartan variants.


1869

Huddersfield Chronicle Thursday 1 April 1869 p. 2 (*glen urquhart plaids) BNA

Wrexham Advertiser Saturday 3 April 1869 (*including the glen urquhart check the novelty of the season for gentlemen’s trousers) (the first English reference). BNA

N.B. Note that the same advert appeared in WA on 10, 17, 24 May; April and 1, 8, 15, 22 May 1869.
London Echo Monday, April 5, 1869 (*glen-urquhart check trousers) NA

London Echo Monday, April 7, 1869 NA

London Echo Monday, April 12, 1869 NA

London Echo Monday, April 14, 1869 NA

London Echo Monday, April 16, 1869 NA

Newcastle Journal Thursday 29 April 1869 p. 2 (*glen urquhart plaids) BNA

Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Saturday 1 May 1869 p. 12 (*glen urquhart plaids) BNA

Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Friday 6 August 1869 Advert p. 1 (*glenurquhart checks) BNA

N.B. Note that the same advert appeared in MCLGA on 11, 13-14, 16, 18, 21 August 1869.
Cheltenham Looker-On Saturday 1 May 1869 p. 2 (**glen urquhart checks) BNA

N.B. Note that the same advert appeared in CLO on 8, 22 May 1869.
London Evening Standard Saturday 8 May 1869 p. 1, 4, 7-8 (*glen urquhart check trousers) BNA

N.B. Note that the same advert appeared in LES on 20, 22 May 1869.
London City Press Saturday 29 May 1869 p. 7 (*glen urquhart check trousers) BNA

Glasgow Evening Citizen Monday 26 July 1869 p. 7 (*glen urquhart checks) (the first Scottish reference). BNA


1870

North London News Saturday 8 January 1870 pp. 3-4 (*glenurquhart check trousers) BNA

1875

Belfast News-Letter (NI) Friday 3 September 1875 Advert p. 1 (* the glenurquhart check) BNA
N.B. Note that the same advert appeared in BNL on 4 September 1875.

1885

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Friday 16 October 1885 p 7 (*glen urquhart check) (the first Australian reference to glen urquhart check)


1886

Woodstock Shenandoah Herald Saturday, October 30, 1886 (the first US reference) NA


1888

Seymour Baylor County Banner Thursday, March 1, 1888 NA


1889

Dublin Daily Express (ROI) Tuesday 14 May 1889 Article p. 4 (*glenurquhart check) BNA


1891

Freeman's Journal (ROI) Thursday 27 August 1891 Advert p. 4  (*glenurquhart checks) BNA (+first newspapers.com reference)

1892

Dundee Evening Telegraph Wednesday 11 May 1892  Advert p. 4 (*glenurquhart check tweeds) (the first Scottish reference to glenurquhart check) BNA

Dundee Courier Thursday 12 May 1892 p. 4 (*glenurquhart check tweeds) BNA

N.B. Note that the same advert appeared in DC on 13-14, 16 May 1892.

1894

The Sun New York, Sunday, September 23, 1894 p. 12 (*glenurquhart plaid) (the first US reference to *glenurquhart) Ne.


1898

Richmond Dispatch Sunday, March 6, 1898, (*glen plaids) NA.


1900

Paisley & Renfrewshire Gazette Saturday 25 August 1900 p. 5 (*Glenurquhart check is quite the newest thing) BNA


1901

Clutha Leader 2 July 1901 (*glenurquhart check) (the first New Zealand reference to glenurquhart check) PP
Timaru Herald 2 July 1901 (*glen urquhart check) (the first New Zealand reference to glen urquhart check) PP

South Canterbury Times 2 July 1901 (*glen urquhart check) PP

Otago Witness 3 July 1901 (*glenurquhart check) PP

Otago Witness 13 June 1906 p. 15 Advert (*glenurquhart check) PP

Otago Witness 20 June 1906 p. 15 Advert (*glenurquhart check) PP


1906

New York Times Thursday, June 7, 1906 (*glen check) NA


1907

Otago Witness 22 May 1907 (*glen urquhart checks) PP

1911

Rock Island Argus March 2, 1911, p. 10 (*glenurquhart plaid) CA


1913

Nottingham Evening Post Friday 31 October 1913 p. 7 (*The famous Glenurquhart check suitings) BNA

1914

Winnipeg Free Press Saturday, March 28, 1914 (first Canada reference) NA

Atlanta Constitution Wednesday, December 2, 1914 (*Glen Tartans) (first US reference to tartan) NA

Grand Rapids Tribune Wednesday, December 9, 1914 (*Glen Tartans)NA


1915

The Evening World March 16, 1915, CA

Flora Hoosier Democrat Saturday, August 21, 1915 (Glen Urquhart Check) NA

Lawrence Journal World Thursday, March 25, 1915 (*Glen Tartan) NA


1918

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Monday 24 June 1918 p. 1 Advert (*glen urquhart check) Tr.


1919

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas.) Monday 28 April 1919 p. 7 Advert (*glen urquhart check) Tr.


1920

Huon Times (Franklin, Tas.) Tuesday 22 June 1920 p. 3 Advert Tr.

New Zealand Times 6 February 1920 p. 5 Advert (*glenurquhart check) PP


Selected, beyond the date range above


1922

Becomes popular in Australia, with so many references too numerous to record


1925

Le Gaulois littéraire et politique 19 October 1925 p. 5 (the first French reference)


1933

Dunkirk Evening Observer Saturday, March 11, 1933 NA

Daily Express Wednesday 24 May 1933, p. 12 (glenurquhart check) (the first reference in the Daily Express) UKPO


1934

Daily Express Monday 15 Oct 1934, p. 5 (glen urquhart check) UKPO


1935

Berkeley Daily Gazette Monday, December 23, 1935 Column on Scottish Checks  (*glenurquhart check) (Gives an interesting backstory which contradicts the given story?) NA


1938

The Observer 2 January 1938 p. 8 (the first reference in The Observer)


1951

The Guardian 13 April 1951 p.1 (the first reference in The Guardian)


1985

The New York Times Sept. 8, 1985 (the first reference in NYT) VERIFY NYT


Table


Australia

France

New Zealand

UK

USA

Netherlands

Glenurquhart Check

1885

1925

1901

1869

1911

Not Known



Observations

For once a broadly consistent beginning given an assumed UK/Scotland source, with the first reference of the UK, in 1869, albeit in a English newspaper. Perhaps surprisingly the first recorded Scottish reference is of 1892. Australia is the next reference, of 1885, and New Zealand, of 1901, then the US, of 1911.




Part 3 Table

For an at-a-glance view of the data, below I show a table of Part 3 of the first instance in print of each of the terms, of the six main countries, namely Australia, France, New Zealand, Netherlands (to a much lesser extent), UK and USA at the beginnings of Shepherds Plaid/Check/Maud/Tartan, Gun Club Check, Prince of Wales Check, Glenurquhart Check and Pepita Check. This is then followed by a discussion of the findings.



Australia

France

New Zealand

UK

USA

Netherlands

Shepherd’s Plaid

1831

Not Known

1846

1812

1898/

1862

Shepherd’s Check

1838

Not Known

1919

1837

1850

Not Known

Shepherd’s Maud

1848

Not Known

1880

1838

Not Known*

Not Known

Shepherd’s Tartan

1835

Not Known

1848

1831

1840

1909

Gun Club Check

1901

Not Known

1918

1894

1897

Not Known

Prince of Wales Check

1864

Not Known

1891

1842

1892

Not Known

Glenurquhart Check

1885

1925

1901

1869

1911

Not Known

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