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Newspaper References

Under construction. Pending completion, which may take many months, the aim is of weekly updates, for the reason is if I don't make a start, this may otherwise never appear! The detail given is best described as patchy, with additions ad hoc. The additions are not of a linear progression. Do bear with me until completion! In the interim, it is still the best research there is in the field.

An important question as to nomenclature matters is when the term ‘houndstooth’ (or its near relation terms ‘hounds-tooth’, ‘hounds tooth’, ‘hound’s tooth’ and synonyms, such as ‘dogtooth’, and its own numerous variations) and the synonyms ‘chicken’s foot’ and ‘pied de poule’, from France, first appeared in print, and as a natural follow-on to this how it spread. However, despite seemingly a relatively simple task, this is not a straightforward as may otherwise be thought! To this end, in the course of my newspaper archive searching, I have ventured further from an obvious UK search, given its supposed  (or at least widely stated, although doubts have now emerged) UK source, with the British Newspaper Archive (BNA), with others nationalities, namely Trove (Australia), Chronicling America (USA), Gallica (France), Papers Past (New Zealand) Delpher (Netherlands) NewspaperArchive.com (US) and Newspapers.com (US). Note that NewspaperArchive.com and Newspapers.com are not always quite of the same degree of accuracy as the others above; incorrect listings show up at times, although not to the detriment of the study rendering these unusable. However, there are much more available than the relatively few above! Wikipedia gives hundreds! However, it is impractical to search all. That said, in due course, more will be examined as time permits, although admittedly to a practical level - one could spend a lifetime this! As an aside, these are all truly awesome research tools of recent times, little more than ten years old. All are of capable of multiple paper searching. Further, these sites can now be considered relatively ‘mature’. For instance, the BNA (largely of local papers, rather than of national ones), launched in 2011, is now of 28,900,000 pages, with an addition of 153,000 a week (as of 28 November 2018) with the stated total of up to 40 million newspaper pages to be made available. New titles and full runs of the paper are still being added. Therefore, the study presented here is partial. However, it seems inconceivable (given the depth so far) that as a broad treatment, my listing is fundamentally lacking, save for the occasional minor predating; that here is broadly true in terms of the extent.

The aim, upon starting out, is of a consistent approach, in which all instances are documented. However, what indeed began this way has somewhat lost its way, due to the scope of the investigation. Upon beginning with the BNA, I then successively expanded to other, foreign newspapers. However, in general, I lack foreign language skills, and not all of the foreign archives were easy to use. Further, for some entries, for instance (oddly) chicken’s foot, in Australian newspapers alone, there are hundreds of entries of the time range studied (detailed below). It is simply overwhelming and exhausting! What began as a short study, of just a ‘day or two’, quickly expanded to many days and weeks, with no sign of a completion in sight. In short, I have decided to curtail the extent, which largely explains some discrepancies in depth. Be all as it may, there are four main titles discerned: houndstooth, dogtooth, chicken’s foot (less so) and the French term pied de poule. Another term sometimes applied is ‘puppytooth’. However, this is decidedly less frequent. Further, this term is only known in the UK and Australia, with the first recorded usage in 1951 (both countries). As this date is thus outside the remit of the investigation (detailed below), I thus exclude it from the discussion here.

A problem when searching is that unrelated peripheral references occur. The various terms are used to describe unrelated aspects:

Houndstooth is also applied to grasses (and others)

Pied-de-poule is also applied to botany, with buttercups

Chicken’s foot in used in chicken ailments (and others)

Dogtooth is discussed as an ornament (and others)

Further, even within obvious fabric matters, of what may be thought to the exclusion of all others, although houndstooth is associated with fabrics and fashion, ‘dog tooth’ also applies to a (triangular) edging in clothing, and so although obviously close in the same field is unrelated. Sifting through all this, even with the aid of filters, still takes time.

An open question is to the extent of remit of the investigation. Somewhat arbitrarily, I end the research for the year of 1939. Specifically for houndstooth, from 1930, at least in the UK, this thus gives ten years from its introduction, of which this is judged sufficient to show when the various terms occured, and with tendencies and trends discerned.

A variety of references are discerned, with articles on fashion matters (in general, by far the most interesting) and adverts. To both, illustrations are also of interest, as they clearly define the terms, although in practise this is not always so, with a drawing leaving the meaning unclear as to intent.   

Just as with problems of terminology occurs in defining houndstooth and variants, so the same situation arises to references in print. Further, the additional term sometimes applied to this, namely ‘shepherd’s check’, (which dates from 1859) is sometimes used synonymously (and erroneously) for houndstooth, but is not included here.

All the four terms have variants, with a gap in the word, hyphens and apostrophes, detailed below. However, I have at least made a start, and of which much new detail has come to light, and of which the various chronologies are put on broad firm foundations, although I make no claim as to an exhaustive, all-encompassing definitive account. Thorough yes, and undoubtedly the best available there is, but there is still room for improvement and more research. Likely, there is the occasional error here, with considerable collated effort  involved over different times, but if so this will be a minor error. Nonetheless, the account is of sufficient depth that trends can be clearly discerned.

The thorough listing below (to be followed by a frequency analysis) is not to be regarded as a defining work, at least just yet. Although I have indeed been thorough and striven for consistency, this was not of an all-encompassing nature; as detailed above, there is simply so much to do that time does not permit. Further, the copyholders are all in general still archiving their material. Note that some entries in effect repeat themselves, either due to adverts or syndication.


The entries below are presented as follows, placed chronologically by year:
Title, dates, and page number of the publication. Non-UK papers have the source country in brackets after the title. In brackets is the term as given in the paper. This thus shows the favoured spelling (under construction). Occasionally, in brackets, is when the term occurs in a specific country, for general interest. Use of the letter A (checked for exact term) is for my own key for aiding the compilation of the listing. * is hyphenated at end of the line, and so is ambiguous in meaning.

The archives are as follows:

BNA (British Newspaper Archive, 29 million pages),  Gal. (Galica), Tr. (Trove), CA (Chronicling America), De. (Delpher), NA (NewspaperArchive.com), Ne., (Newspapers.com, 451 million pages!)

* At start of line is exact term checked


In order:

1. Houndstooth

2. Dogtooth

3. Chicken’s Foot

4. Pied de Poule


1. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Houndstooth’ and Variants

A simple listing of all instances of the specific term ‘houndstooth’ and variants. Note that near relations, of variants with hyphens, gaps and apostrophes of the word such as ‘hounds-tooth’, ‘hounds tooth’, ‘hound’s tooth’ etc are included (but not related terms such as ‘dog-tooth’, or ‘dog tooth’ etc, of which I compile its own separate listing). Where the word ‘check’, in association with the pattern, is used (as with ‘houndstooth check’), this is listed too.

Faux associations:

‘As clean (or white) as a hound’s tooth’. (Popular US and UK, c. 1900s, albeit not known in the UK in modern day times.)


1925

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 9 May 1925 p. 16 Article (*hound’s tooth) (First Australian reference) Tr.

The Daily Mail (Brisbane, Qld.) Monday 11 May 1925 p. 8 Article (*hound’s tooth) Tr.


1926

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Wednesday 7 July 1926 p. 16 Article (*hound’s tooth) Tr.

The Register (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 22 July 1926 p. 14 Article (*hound’s tooth) Tr.


1927

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 13 September 1927 p. 12 Article (*hound’s tooth)Tr.


1928

The Mail (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 21 July 1928 p. 30 Article (*hounds’ tooth) Tr.

Chester Times August 13 1928 p. 9 Article (hound’s-tooth) A NA (First US reference)


1929

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 2 April 1929 p. 15 Article (*hound’s tooth) Tr.


1930

The Yorkshire Evening Post, Friday 20 June 1930, p. 10 (houndstooth) NEW (First UK reference)

The Pantagraph Bloomington, Illinois Thursday, September 11, 1930  p. 17 (*hounds-tooth) Ne

The Paducah Sun-Democrat Paducah, Kentucky Wednesday, October 29, 1930 p. 6 Ne (*hounds-tooth)

Belfast News-Letter, Thursday 6 November 1930, p. 12 (houndstooth) NEW

1931

Cumberland Evening Times Wednesday, March 4, 1931, Cumberland, Maryland, NA (houndstooth) A

Evening Independent Tuesday, March 10, 1931, Massillon, Ohio (*houndstooth) NA

Muscatine Journal and News Tribune Tuesday, March 10, 1931, Muscatine, Iowa (*houndstooth) NA

Ottumwa Daily Courier Tuesday, March 10, 1931, Ottumwa, Iowa (*houndstooth) NA

Mason City Globe Gazette Tuesday, March 17, 1931, Mason City, Iowa (*houndstooth) NA

Marion Star Wednesday, March 18, 1931, Marion, Ohio (*houndstooth checks) NA

Montana Standard Thursday, March 19, 1931, Butte, Montana (*houndstooth) NA

Laredo Times Sunday, March 22, 1931, Laredo, Texas (*houndstooth) NA

Canandaigua Daily Messenger Wednesday, March 25, 1931, Canandaigua, New York (*houndstooth checks) NA

Olean Times Wednesday, March 25, 1931, Olean, New York (*houndstooth) NA

Chillicothe Constitution Tribune Thursday, March 26, 1931, Chillicothe, Missouri, US (*houndstooth)

Le Journal, 16 June 1931 (houndtooth) A. (First French Reference)

The Yorkshire Evening Post, Monday, August 17, 1931, p. 5 (*houndstooth check)

Bedfordshire Times and Independent, Friday 30 October 1931, p. 11 (houndstooth) NEW

1932

Muscatine Journal and News Tribune Wednesday, March 16, 1932, Muscatine, Iowa, US (*houndstooth checks) NA

Pella Chronicle Thursday, March 17, 1932, Pella, Iowa, US (*houndstooth checks) NA

Paris Morning News Thursday, March 17, 1932, Paris, Texas, US  (*houndstooth checks) NA

Belfast Telegraph, Thursday, 4 August 1932, p. 6 (*houndstooth)

Liverpool Echo, Thursday 4 August 1932, p. 5 (*houndstooth checks)

Aberdeen Press and Journal, Tuesday, August 16, 1932, p. 10 (*hounds-tooth)

Amarillo Sunday News Globe Sunday, August 28, 1932, Amarillo, Texas (*houndstooth) NA

Galveston Daily News Wednesday, September 14, 1932, Galveston, Texas (*houndstooth) NA

Lawrence Daily Journal World Wednesday, September 14, 1932, Lawrence, Kansas (*houndstooth) NA

Pampa Daily News Thursday, September 15, 1932, Pampa, Texas (*houndstooth) NA

Centralia Daily Chronicle Monday, September 19, 1932, Centralia, Washington (*houndstooth) NA

El Paso Herald Post Friday, September 23, 1932, El Paso, Texas (*houndstooth) NA

Evening Independent Friday, September 23, 1932, Massillon, Ohio (*houndstooth) NA

Boone News Republican Wednesday, September 28, 1932, Boone, Iowa (*houndstooth) NA

Woodland Daily Democrat Thursday, September 29, 1932, Woodland, California (*houndstooth) NA

Ottumwa Daily Courier Monday, October 3, 1932, Ottumwa, Iowa (*houndstooth) NA

Daily News Standard Tuesday, October 4, 1932, Uniontown, Pennsylvania (*houndstooth) NA

Santa Cruz Sentinel  6 October 1932, p. 15 CA

The Heights 7 December 1932 p. 2 Article CA

Boston Heights Wednesday, December 7, 1932, Boston, Massachusetts (*houndstooth) NA

Leeds Mercury, Tuesday, 20 December 1932, p. 4 (houndstooth)


1933

Evening Star, January 15 1933 p. 7 (no day given)

The Stanford Daily (US) 3 February 1933 p. 13 Article

The Tatler, Wednesday 8 February 1933, p. 49 (houndstooth) NEW

The Stanford Daily (US) 24 February 1933  p. 13 Article (houndstooth) CA, NA

Blytheville Courier News Tuesday, February 28, 1933, Blytheville, Arkansas (houndstooth) NA

STOPPED HERE FOR US ENTRIES - THERE ARE 415 FOR 1930-1939!

Thanet Advertiser, Friday 3 March 1933, p. 6 (houndstooth) NEW

Dundee Evening Telegraph, Friday 10 March 1933, p. 3 (houndstooth) NEW
Sheffield Independent, Monday, 13 March 1933, p. (houndstooth)
Lincolnshire Echo, Wednesday 15 March 1933, p. 3 (hounds-teeth) A
Lancashire Evening Post, Thursday 16 March 1933 p. 10 NEW (hound stooth check)

The Hull Daily Mail, Friday, March 17, 1933, p. 77 (houndstooth)

Evening Star (US). March 24, 1933, p. B-10, Image 26

Birmingham Daily Gazette, Friday 31 March 1933, p. 10 (houndstooth) NEW
Dundee Evening Telegraph, Tuesday 4 April 1933, p. 7 (*hounds-tooth check)
Portsmouth Evening News, Thursday 6 April 1933, p. 3 (houndstooth) NEW

Dundee Evening Telegraph, Friday 7 April 1933, p. 11 (houndstooth) NEW
Lancashire Evening Post, Wednesday 12 April 1933, p. 10 (houndstooth)

Lancashire Evening Post, Monday 17 April 1933, p. 8 (houndstooth) NEW
The Scotsman, Wednesday 26 April 1933, p. 17 (houndstooth) NEW

Belfast News-Letter, Thursday April 27 1933, p. 13 (houndstooth checks) A
Dundee Evening Telegraph, Wednesday 26 April 1933, p. 6 (houndstooth) NEW
Yorkshire Evening Post, Thursday 27 April 1933, p. 11 (houndstooth) NEW

The Northern Whig and Belfast Post, Thursday April 27 1933 (houndstooth checks) A
Lancashire Evening Post, Friday 28 April 1933, p. 10 (* hound’s-tooth check) NEW
Yorkshire Evening Post, Friday 5 May 1933, p. 1 (houndstooth) NEW
Hull Daily Mail, Wednesday 17 May 1933, p. 7 (houndstooth)

Birmingham Daily Gazette, Friday 2 June 1933, p. 8 (hound’s-tooth check)
Coventry Evening Telegraph, Monday 12 June 1933, pp. 2-3 (houndstooth)
Chichester Observer, Wednesday 12 July 1933, p. 2 (houndstooth)
Bournemouth Graphic, Friday 28 July 1933, p. 8 (houndstooth)

The Southern Reporter, Thursday August 3 1933, p. 7 (houndstooth) A

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 3 August 1933 p 4 Article

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 8 August 1933 p 7 Article Illustrated

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Tuesday 5 September 1933 p 1 Advert

Daily Herald, Wednesday 13 September 1933, p. 7 (houndstooth) NEW

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 14 September 1933 p 14 Article
St. Andrews Citizen, Saturday 23 September 1933, p. 1 (houndstooth) NEW

The Midland Daily Telegraph, Friday, September 29, 1933 (hounds-tooth) A
Coventry Evening Telegraph, Friday 29 September 1933, p. 5 (*hounds-tooth)

Daily Standard (Brisbane, Qld.) Saturday 30 September 1933 p 8 Article Illustrated

Northern Daily Mail, Friday October 6 1933 p ? (houndstooth)
Northampton Mercury & Herald,  Friday 6 October 1933, p. 6 (*hounds-tooth)
Evening Star. Friday October 20, 1933, Page A-6, Image 6 (hounds tooth)

Northern Daily Mail, Friday October 20 1933, p. 7?
The Shields Daily News, Saturday 21 October 1933, p. 4 (*houndstooth)
The Sunderland Echo and Shipping Gazette, Thursday 26 October 1933, p. 6 (houndstooth) A

Northern Daily Mail, Friday October 27, 1933. (hounds-tooth)*
The Liverpool Echo, Friday 3 November 1933, p. 14 (hounds-tooth)
Yorkshire Evening Post, Thursday 30 November 1933, p. 8 (houndstooth) NEW
Daily Herald, Friday 1 December 1933, p. 3 (houndstooth) NEW
The Sunderland Echo and Shipping Gazette, Friday 1 December 1933 p. 13 (houndstooth) A
Gloucester Citizen, Friday 1 December 1933, p. 9 (houndstooth) NEW
Portsmouth Evening News, Friday 1 December 1933, p. 11 (houndstooth) NEW
Belfast Telegraph, Friday 1 December 1933, p. 10 (houndstooth) NEW

The Southern Reporter, 7 December 1933, p. 9 (houndstooth) NEW

Gloucester Citizen,  Friday 15 December 1933, p. 9 (houndstooth) NEW

Daily Herald,  Friday 15 December 1933 p. 3 (houndstooth) NEW
Nottingham Evening Post, Friday 15 December 1933, p. 11 (houndstooth) NEW
Belfast Telegraph, Friday 15 December 1933, pp. 10-11 (houndstooth) NEW
Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, Friday 15 December 1933, p. 14 (houndstooth) NEW
Portsmouth Evening News, Friday 15 December 1933, p. 10 (houndstooth) NEW

1934

Belfast Telegraph, Friday 2 February 1934, p. 10 (houndstooth)
Liverpool Echo, Friday 2 February 1934, pp. 9-10 (houndstooth)

Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald, Saturday 10 February 1934. p. 7 (houndstooth) NEW
Southern Reporter, Thursday 15 March 1934, p. 3 (houndstooth)
Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, Friday 16 March 1934, p. 15 (houndstooth)
Southern Reporter, Thursday 29 March 1934, p. 10 (houndstooth)
Liverpool Echo, Wednesday 9 May 1934, p. 13 (houndstooth)

Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, Friday 21 September 1934, p. 6 NEW (houndstooth check)

The Observer, Sunday, October 28, 1934 (hounds-tooth)

Advocate (Burnie, Tas.) Thursday 8 November 1934 p. 2 Article
Yorkshire Evening Post, Friday 14 December 1934, p. 6 (houndstooth)

1935

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 10 January 1935 p. 33 Article

The Mail (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 19 January 1935 p. 19 Article

St. Andrews Citizen, Saturday 19 January 1935, p. 3 (houndstooth) NEW

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 24 January 1935 p. 16 Advert
Portsmouth Evening News, Wednesday 27 February 1935, p. 3 (houndstooth) NEW
Sevenoaks Chronicle and Kentish Advertiser, Friday 1 March 1935, p. 21 (houndstooth) NEW
Kent & Sussex Courier, Friday 1 March 1935, p. 21 (houndstooth) NEW

Sporting Globe (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 2 March 1935 p 8 Article Illustrated
Hampshire Telegraph, Friday 8 March 1935, p. 1 (houndstooth) NEW

Portsmouth Evening News, Monday 18 March 1935, p. 3 (houndstooth) NEW

Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Wednesday 3 April 1935 p 14 Advert

Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Wednesday 24 April 1935 p. 16 Advert

Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Wednesday 1 May 1935 p. 16 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Thursday 9 May 1935 p. 1 Advert

Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Wednesday 5 June 1935 p 14 Advert
Liverpool Echo, Thursday 24 October 1935, p. 12 (houndstooth)

1936

The Tatler and Bystander, February 8, 1936, p. 209 (houndstooth)

Lincolnshire Echo, Tuesday 10 March 1936, p. 3 (houndstooth) NEW

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Monday 30 March 1936 p. 2 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Monday 13 April 1936 p. 3 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 14 April 1936 p. 18 Advert

Northern Star (Lismore, NSW) Thursday 23 April 1936 p. 12 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Tuesday 28 April 1936 p. 1 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Thursday 30 April 1936 p. 1 Advert

The Biz (Fairfield, NSW) Friday 1 May 1936 p. 3 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Thursday 14 May 1936 p. 1 Advert

Northern Star (Lismore, NSW) Thursday 14 May 1936 p. 13 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Thursday 27 August 1936 p. 23 Advert

The Daily News (Perth, WA) Friday 18 September 1936 p. 8 Article Illustrated
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Friday 9 October 1936, p. 15 (houndstooth) NEW
Warwick and Warwickshire Advertiser, Saturday 5 December 1936, p. 5 (houndstooth) NEW

1937

Southern Argus (Port Elliot, SA) Wednesday 10 February 1937 p. 5 Article

Dundee Courier, Friday 26 February 1937, p. 14 (houndstooth)

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 20 May 1937 p. 43 Advert

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 21 June 1937 p. 3 Article

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 21 June 1937 p. 5 Article

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 24 June 1937 p. 36 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 1 July 1937 p. 44 Advert
Belfast Telegraph, Friday 2 July 1937, p. 10 (houndstooth)

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 8 July 1937 p. 35 Advert
The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 10 July 1937 p. 32 Advert
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 10 July 1937 p. 31 Advert

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 17 August 1937 p. 3 Article

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Friday 8 October 1937 p. 9 Advert

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 8 November 1937 p. 7 Article

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 18 November 1937 p. 23 Advert


1938

The Observer, Sunday, January 23, 1938 p. 20 (hounds-tooth) A

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 31 January 1938 p. 5 Article

The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, Friday, March 11, 1938, p. 459 (houndstooth)

Northern Star (Lismore, NSW) Wednesday 13 April 1938 p. 5 Advert

Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW) Thursday 14 April 1938 p. 6 Advert

Framlingham Weekly News, Saturday 23 April 1938, p. 7 (houndstooth)

The Australian Women's Weekly Saturday 25 June 1938 p. 11 Article Illustrated

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Tuesday 16 August 1938 p. 1 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Monday 22 August 1938 p. 2 Article

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 29 August 1938 p. 9 Article Illustrated
Liverpool Echo, Wednesday 14 September 1938, pp. 9-10 (houndstooth)

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Wednesday 21 September 1938 p. 12 Advert

The Daily News (Perth, WA) Monday 10 October 1938 p. 6 Article

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Wednesday 2 November 1938 p. 5 Article Illustrated

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 10 November 1938 p. 36 Advert

Kent & Sussex Courier, Friday 11 November 1938, p. 12 (houndstooth) NEW

Sevenoaks Chronicle and Kentish Advertiser, Friday 11 November 1938, p. 2 (houndstooth) NEW


1939

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Wednesday 11 January 1939 p. 9 Advert

Daily Mirror, Monday 30 January 1939, p. 23 (houndstooth)

The Newcastle Sun (NSW) Thursday 2 March 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld.) Monday 6 March 1939 p. 2 Article Illustrated

Daily Mercury (Mackay, Qld.) Wednesday 8 March 1939 p. 4 Article Illustrated

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Thursday 16 March 1939 p. 1 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 19 March 1939 p. 10 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 23 March 1939 p. 16 Advert

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW) Friday 24 March 1939 p. 17 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Tuesday 28 March 1939 p. 1 Advert

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW) Friday 31 March 1939 p. 25 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Wednesday 5 April 1939 p. 1 Advert

The Biz (Fairfield, NSW) Thursday 13 April 1939 p. 5 Advert

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW) Friday 14 April 1939 p. 21 Advert

The Biz (Fairfield, NSW) Thursday 20 April 1939 p. 5 Advert

The Biz (Fairfield, NSW) Thursday 27 April 1939 p. 9 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 22 May 1939 p. 4 Article Illustrated

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 29 May 1939 p. 1 Advert

Warwick Daily News (Qld.) Monday 29 May 1939 p. 2 Article Illustrated

Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW) Monday 29 May 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

The Corowa Free Press (NSW) Tuesday 30 May 1939 p. 1 Advert

Wellington Times (NSW) Thursday 1 June 1939 p. 8 Article Illustrated

Yass Tribune-Courier (NSW) Thursday 1 June 1939 p. 6 Article Illustrated

Glen Innes Examiner (NSW) Saturday 3 June 1939 p. 7 Article Illustrated

Pinnaroo and Border Times (SA) Thursday 8 June 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

The Riverine Herald (Echuca, Vic.  Moama, NSW;) Saturday 10 June 1939 p. 4 Article Illustrated

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 12 June 1939 p. 1 Advert

Kapunda Herald (SA) Thursday 15 June 1939 p. 4 Article Illustrated

The St George Call (Kogarah, NSW) Friday 16 June 1939 p. 5 Article Illustrated

The Australian Women's Weekly Saturday 17 June 1939 p. 8 Literature Illustrated

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Wednesday 21 June 1939 p. 8 Article Illustrated

Advocate (Burnie, Tas.) Friday 23 June 1939 p. 9 Article Illustrated

The West Wyalong Advocate (NSW) Friday 30 June 1939 p. 6 Article Illustrated

Goulburn Evening Penny Post (NSW) Thursday 6 July 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Monday 10 July 1939 p. 11 Advert

Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic.) Thursday 13 July 1939 p. 8 Article Illustrated

Coolgardie Miner (WA) Thursday 13 July 1939 p. 5 Article Illustrated

Manjimup Mail and Jardee-Pemberton-Northcliffe Press (WA) Thursday 13 July 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

Midlands Advocate (Perth, WA) Friday 14 July 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

The Weekly Gazette (Goomalling, WA) Friday 14 July 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

South Western Advertiser (Perth, WA) Friday 14 July 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

Toodyay Herald (WA) Friday 14 July 1939 p. 4 Article Illustrate

The Mullewa Mail (WA) Saturday 15 July 1939 p. 3 Article Illustrated

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 16 July 1939 p. 9 Advert

Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld) Tuesday 18 July 1939 p. 2 Article Illustrated

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 7 August 1939 p. 1 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 20 August 1939 p. 5 Article Illustrated

Bruce Rock Post and Corrigin and Narembeen Guardian (WA) Thursday 24 August 1939 p. 6 Article Illustrated

The Broadcaster (Fairfield, NSW) Thursday 24 August 1939 p. 4 Article Illustrated

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 31 August 1939 p. 28 Advert

Coolgardie Miner (WA) Thursday 31 August 1939 p. 8 Article Illustrated

Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA) Friday 1 September 1939 p. 5 Article Illustrated

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Thursday 7 September 1939 p. 1 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Friday 29 September 1939 p. 1 Advert

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 26 October 1939 p. 4 Advert

The Tribune (Philippines) Friday 27 October 1939 p. 13 Article Illustrated

South Coast Bulletin (Southport, Qld.) Friday 17 November 1939 p. 2 Advert

South Coast Bulletin (Southport, Qld.) Friday 24 November 1939 p. 4 Advert

The Daily News (Perth, WA) Friday 1 December 1939 p. 13 Advert

South Coast Bulletin (Southport, Qld.) Friday 1 December 1939 p. 5 Advert

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 7 December 1939 p. 4 Advert

South Coast Bulletin (Southport, Qld.) Friday 8 December 1939 p. 2 Advert

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 9 December 1939 p. 16 Advert

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 14 December 1939 p. 4 Advert

South Coast Bulletin (Southport, Qld.) Friday 15 December 1939 p. 2 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Wednesday 20 December 1939 p. 18 Advert

South Coast Bulletin (Southport, Qld.) Friday 22 December 1939 p. 4 Advert

South Coast Bulletin (Southport, Qld.) Friday 29 December 1939 p. 8 Advert


2. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Dogstooth’ and Variants

A simple listing of all instances of the specific term ‘Dogstooth’ and variants. Note that near relations with hyphens, gaps and apostrophes of the word such as ‘dog-tooth’, ‘dog tooth’ and ‘dog’s tooth’ etc, are included (but not related terms such as ‘hounds-tooth’, ‘hounds tooth’ etc of which I compile its own separate listing).

Faux associations:

The venom clamours of a jealous woman poison more deadly than a mad dog's tooth (Shakespeare, The Comedy of Errors)

The erythronium, or dog's tooth violet (many references),

… is the most perfect Norman dog-tooth arch that is known to exist.

The bodice was mounted on to a round yoke with tiny dog-tooth points, and …

… also a fine grotto of dogtooth crystals.

… or the dog-toothed Wagtail, or some other rare bird

… and the dog-tooth snapper, of white, with six transverse dark bands ... These lovely fishes …

… try and defend the dogtoothed stronghold of Amba Alajl,

… and fierce dog-toothed rocks make up the coast-line,

… was like cynodont (dog-toothed) reptiles that closely resembles...

* Likely, even almost certainly, used in a different context.

** Included as a faux instance in fashion.


1907
Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Saturday 29 June 1907 p. 9 Advert (the first Australian reference)

Daily Telegraph (Launceston, Tas.) Monday 1 July 1907 p. 1 Advert

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Tuesday 2 July 1907 p. 1 Advert

Daily Telegraph (Launceston, Tas.) Thursday 4 July 1907 p. 1 Advert

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Friday 5 July 1907 p. 1 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 8 July 1907 p. 12 Advert


1910

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 14 March 1910 p. 12 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 14 March 1910 p. 12 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 25 April 1910 p. 12 Advert


1913

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 18 August 1913 p. 12 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 25 August 1913 p. 6 Advert


1914

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 16 February 1914 p. 16 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 2 March 1914 p. 16 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 2 March 1914 p. 12 Advert

Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 5 March 1914 p. 22 Advert

The Farmer and Settler (Sydney, NSW) Friday 6 March 1914 p. 8 Article

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Saturday 7 March 1914 p. 29 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 9 March 1914 p. 14 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 9 March 1914 p. 12 Advert

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Saturday 14 March 1914 p. 7 Advert

The Daily News (Perth, WA) Tuesday 24 March 1914 p. 6 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Wednesday 25 March 1914 p. 26 Advert

The Bathurst Times (NSW) Wednesday 25 March 1914 p. 3 Advert

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Wednesday 25 March 1914 p. 6 Advert

The Bathurst Times (NSW) Thursday 26 March 1914 p. 3 Advert

National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW) Thursday 26 March 1914 p. 5 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Friday 27 March 1914 p. 16 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Friday 27 March 1914 p. 18 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 30 March 1914 p. 12 Advert

The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA) Monday 30 March 1914 p. 2 Advert

National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW) Friday 3 April 1914 p. 5 Advert

The Bathurst Times (NSW) Monday 6 April 1914 p. 3 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Monday 6 April 1914 p. 16 Advert

National Advocate (Bathurst, NSW) Monday 6 April 1914 p. 5 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Wednesday 8 April 1914 p. 24 Advert

The Maitland Daily Mercury (NSW) Wednesday 15 April 1914 p. 8 Advert

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Wednesday 22 April 1914 p. 6 Advert

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Thursday 23 April 1914 p. 6 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Friday 24 April 1914 p. 16 Advert

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Friday 24 April 1914 p. 6 Advert

The Bathurst Times (NSW) Friday 24 April 1914 p. 2 Article

The Maitland Weekly Mercury (NSW) Saturday 25 April 1914 p. 11 Article Illustrated

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Saturday 25 April 1914 p. 10 Advert

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Monday 27 April 1914 p. 6 Advert

To be continued? (Australia references, of which there are an overwhelming number!)


1927

The Bystander Wednesday 20 April 1927 Illustrated Pp: 59, 60, 62 (The first UK reference)


1929

Britannia and Eve Sunday 1 December 1929, p. 12 Advert

1930

Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette, Saturday 10 May 1930, p. 15* (dogtooth)

Western Mail, 15 November 1930, p. 9 (dogtooth)

1931

Southern Reporter, Thursday 20 August 1931, p. 3 (dogtooth)

Southern Reporter, Thursday 3 September 1931, p. 3 (dogtooth)
The Scotsman, Saturday 5 September 1931, p. 20 (dogtooth)
The Scotsman, Monday 7 September 1931, p. 14 (dogtooth)
The Tatler, Wednesday 7 October 1931, p. 79 (dogtooth)
The Sketch, Wednesday 30 December 1931, p. 47** (dogtooth)

1932

Western Mail, Saturday 3 December 1932, p. 3 (dogtooth)

1933

Liverpool Echo, Monday 27 February 1933, pp. 7-8 (dogtooth)
Yorkshire Evening Post, Wednesday 8 March 1933, p. 11 (dogtooth)

Sheffield Independent, Monday 13 March 1933, p. 8 (dogtooth)
Yorkshire Evening Post, Monday 27 March 1933, p. 11 (dogtooth)
Liverpool Echo, Wednesday 5 April 1933, p. 8 (dogtooth)
Dundee Evening Telegraph, Tuesday 11 April 1933, p. 7 (dogtooth)
Liverpool Echo, Monday 22 May 1933, p. 8 (dogtooth)
Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, Friday 28 July 1933, p. 14 (dogtooth)


1934

Bexhill-on-Sea Observer, Saturday 27 January 1934, p. 3  (*dogtooth checks)
Hastings and St Leonards Observer, Saturday 27 January 1934, p. 12
Belfast Telegraph, Tuesday 20 March 1934, p. 10
Nottingham Evening Post, Monday 9 July 1934, p. 4
Illustrated London News, Saturday 22 September 1934, p. 35 (*dog-tooth check)

1935

Liverpool Echo, Tuesday 1 January 1935, p. 8 (*dogtooth check)
Dundee Courier, Thursday 24 January 1935, p. 12 (*dogtooth check)
Dundee Courier, Thursday 25 January 1935, p. 13 (*dog-tooth check)

Lichfield Mercury, Friday 19 April 1935, p. 3 (dog-tooth check)
Tamworth Herald, Saturday 20 April 1935, p. 11 (dog-tooth check)
? Londonderry Sentinel, Saturday 10 August 1935, p. 3

Britannia and Eve, Sunday 1 September 1935, pp. 60-61
Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail,  Wednesday 23 October 1935, p. 1

Surrey Mirror, Friday 8 November 1935, p. 16 (dog-tooth check)

Liverpool Echo, Monday 18 November 1935, p. 5 (dogtooth)


1936

Liverpool Echo, Wednesday 8 January 1936, p. 11 (dogtooth checks) A

Dundee Evening Telegraph, Thursday 12 March 1936, p. 11 (*dog-tooth checks)
Sussex Agricultural Express, Friday 27 March 1936, p. 17 (*dog-tooth)

Kent & Sussex Courier, Friday 24 April 1936, p. 5 (*dog-tooth checks)
Dundee Courier, Friday 10 July 1936, p. 14 (*dog-tooth check)
Portsmouth Evening News, Thursday 6 August 1936, p. 9 (*dog-tooth check)

Birmingham Daily Gazette, Monday 10 August 1936, p. 8 (*dog-tooth check)
Hull Daily Mail, Wednesday 12 August 1936, p. 7 (*dog-tooth check)
Dundee Courier, Friday 25 September 1936, p. 5 (*dog-tooth checked)
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Friday 9 October 1936, p. 15 (*dog-tooth check)
Liverpool Echo, Friday 16 October 1936, p. 11 (*dog-tooth check)

1937

St. Andrews Citizen, Saturday 23 January 1937, p. 3
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Friday 23 April 1937, p. 17 (*dog-tooth)
Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, Wednesday 11 August 1937 (*dog-tooth check)
The Bystander, Wednesday 11 August 1937, p. 37 (dog-tooth) *
Wells Journal, Friday 12 November 1937, p. 7 (*dog-tooth check)
Birmingham Daily Gazette, Monday 22 November 1937, p. 8 (*dog-tooth check)

1938

Birmingham Daily Gazette, Tuesday 15 February 1938, p. 8  
Belfast Telegraph, Tuesday 12 April 1938, p. 9 (*dog-tooth)
Yorkshire Evening Post, Friday 22 April 1938, p. 1 (*dog-tooth check)
Birmingham Daily Gazette, Monday 2 May 1938, p. 8 (dog's-tooth check)
The Sketch, Wednesday 6 July 1938, pp. 16- 21 (*dog's-tooth check)
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Friday 29 July 1938, p. 15 (*dog-tooth checks)
Britannia and Eve, Thursday 1 September 1938, pp. 64-65 (*dog-tooth)
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Friday 23 September 1938, p. 15 (*dog-tooth check)  
? Belfast Telegraph, Wednesday 23 November 1938, p. 10 (*dog-tooth)


1939

Birmingham Daily Gazette, Thursday 2 February 1939, p. 8 (dog-tooth check) A
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Friday 10 February 1939, p. 15 (dog-tooth or district check) A
Western Mail, Monday 27 March 1939, p. 11 (dog-tooth checked) A
Hull Daily Mail, Friday 14 April 1939, p. 12 (dog-toothed check) A
Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, Friday 30 June 1939, p. 45 (dog's-tooth check) A
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Saturday 2 December 1939, p. 12 (dog-tooth) A


3. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Chicken’s Foot’ (Effectively Translated from the French ‘Pied de Poule’) and Variants

A simple listing of all instances of the specific term, ‘chicken foot’, seemingly derived from French term ‘Pied de Poule’. Note that near relations such as ‘chicken’s foot ‘chicken-foot’, are included (but not related terms of the same root, such as ‘pied de poule’, ‘pied de poulet’ etc, of which I compile its own separate listing).

Faux references:

“Chicken-foot" type of fork was realised by Listers


1893

Western Mail (Perth, WA) Saturday 5 August 1893 p. 49 Article


1923

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic), Tuesday 31 July 1923, p. 12

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic), Wednesday 15 August 1923, p. 21 (chicken foot)

The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 27 October 1923 p 17 Advert


1924

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 26 January 1924 p. 5

The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 26 January 1924 p. 15

The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 26 July 1924 p.15

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 26 July 1924 p. 9


1926

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Saturday 6 November 1926 p. 2


1927

The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (NSW) Friday 4 March 1927 p. 7

Dundee Courier, Thursday 21 April 1927, p. 1 (chicken’s foot)
The Prahran Telegraph (Vic.) Friday 10 June 1927 p. 7


1930

Chronicle (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 1 May 1930 p. 66


1932

The Tatler, Wednesday 10 February 1932, pp. 44, 48 (chicken foot)
The Tatler, Wednesday 6 July 1932, pp. 44, 46, 48 (chickens foot) TO DO

1933

The Sheffield Daily Independent, Monday 13 March 1933, p. 8 (chicken’s foot)

Santa Cruz Sentinel (US) 14 April 1933 p. 5 (First US reference) CA

Montana Butte Standard Monday, April 17, 1933, Butte, Montana, US NA (*chickens foot)

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 29 April 1933 p. 9

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Friday 19 May 1933 p. 12

News (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 27 May 1933 p. 6

The Courier and Advertiser, Monday May 29 1933, p. 12 (chicken’s foot)

Clare County Cleaver (US) 16 June 1933 p. 3

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 22 June 1933 p. 15

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Friday 23 June 1933 p. 14

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 27 June 1933 p. 3

Liverpool Echo, Tuesday 27 June 1933, p. 9 (chicken’s foot)

Wiltshire Times and Trowbridge Advertiser, Saturday 1 July 1933, p. 9 (chicken’s foot)

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 1 July 1933 p. 8

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 2 July 1933 p. 9

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 8 July 1933 p. 8

The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Friday 14 July 1933 p. 7 Article Illustrated

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Monday 17 July 1933 p. 1 Advert

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Friday 28 July 1933 p. 15 Advert

Kalgoorlie Miner (WA) Tuesday 1 August 1933 p. 2 Article

Kalgoorlie Miner (WA) Tuesday 1 August 1933 p. 1 Advert

Kalgoorlie Miner (WA) Thursday 3 August 1933 p. 1 Advert

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 3 August 1933 p. 23 Advert

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Friday 4 August 1933 p. 24 Advert

The Australian Women's Weekly  Saturday 5 August 1933 p. 4 Article

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 5 August 1933 p. 9 Advert
The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 5 August 1933 p. 22 Advert

Western Argus (Kalgoorlie, WA) Tuesday 8 August 1933 p. 7 Article

Glenelg Guardian (SA ) Wednesday 9 August 1933 p. 2 Advert

The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Thursday 10 August 1933 p. 1 Advert

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Thursday 10 August 1933 p. 5 Advert

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 10 August 1933 p. 23 Advert

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Thursday 10 August 1933 p. 5 Advert

The Mail (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 12 August 1933 p. 1 Article Illustrated

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Monday 14 August 1933 p. 1 Advert

Catholic Freeman's Journal (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 17 August 1933 p. 26 Article

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 17 August 1933 p. 29 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 17 August 1933 p. 23 Advert

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 17 August 1933 p. 1 Advert

News (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 17 August 1933 p. 10 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW  Thursday 17 August 1933 p. 7 Advert

The West Wyalong Advocate (NSW) Friday 18 August 1933 p. 3 Advert

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Friday 18 August 1933 p. 19 Advert

The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Monday 21 August 1933 p. 1 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 22 August 1933 p. 5 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 24 August 1933 p. 25 Advert

Advocate (Burnie, Tas.) Thursday 24 August 1933 p. 5 Article

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Friday 25 August 1933 p. 15 Advert

The Labor Daily (Sydney, NSW) Friday 25 August 1933 p. 4 Advert

The West Wyalong Advocate (NSW) Friday 25 August 1933 p. 3 Advert

Port Lincoln Times (SA) Friday 25 August 1933 p. 5 Advert

Folkestone, Hythe, Sandgate & Cheriton Herald, Saturday 26 August 1933, p. 3 (chicken foot)
The Daily News (Perth, WA) Saturday 26 August 1933 p. 19 Article Illustrated

The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Monday 28 August 1933 p. 23 Advert

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Monday 28 August 1933 p. 7 Advert

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas.) Tuesday 29 August 1933 p. 3 Advert

The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Wednesday 30 August 1933 p. 19 Article Illustrated

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 30 August 1933 p. 9 Advert

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Wednesday 30 August 1933 p. 3 Article Illustrated

The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld.) Wednesday 30 August 1933 p. 19 Article Illustrated

Table Talk (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 31 August 1933 p. 24 Article Illustrated

The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld.) Thursday 31 August 1933 p. 1 Advert

The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Thursday 31 August 1933 p. 1 Advert

Recorder (Port Pirie, SA) Thursday 31 August 1933 p. 2 Article

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Monday 4 September 1933 p. 1 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 5 September 1933 p. 7 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Tuesday 5 September 1933 p. 2 Advert

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Wednesday 6 September 1933 p. 11 Article Illustrated

News (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 6 September 1933 p. 8 Article

The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld.) Wednesday 6 September 1933 p. 22 Article

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Thursday 7 September 1933 p. 6 Article Illustrated

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Thursday 7 September 1933 p. 6 Article Illustrated

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 7 September 1933 p. 18 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 7 September 1933 p. 3 Advert

The Herald (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 7 September 1933 p. 21 Advert

The Sydney Morning Herald) Friday 8 September 1933 p. 3 Advert

The Daily News (Perth) Friday 8 September 1933 p. 8 Advert

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Friday 8 September 1933 p. 13 Advert

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Friday 8 September 1933 p. 13 Article Illustrated

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Saturday 9 September 1933 p. 1 Advert

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Monday 11 September 1933 p. 15 Advert

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas.) Tuesday 12 September 1933 p. 3 Advert

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Tuesday 12 September 1933 p. 13 Article

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW) Tuesday 12 September 1933 p. 1 Advert

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 12 September 1933 p. 3 Advert

The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW) Wednesday 13 September 1933 p. 15 Article Illustrated

Advocate (Burnie, Tas.) Wednesday 13 September 1933 p. 2 Advert

News (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 14 September 1933 p. 4 Advert

Wickepin Argus (WA) Thursday 14 September 1933 p. 4 Advert

Southern Argus (Port Elliot, SA) Thursday 14 September 1933 p. 3 Advert

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Thursday 14 September 1933 p. 10 Article Illustrated

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Thursday 14 September 1933 p. 10 Article Illustrated

Advocate (Burnie, Tas.) Thursday 14 September 1933 p. 2 Advert

Examiner (Launceston, Tas.) Thursday 14 September 1933 p. 11 Article Illustrated

The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thursday 14 September 1933 p. 3 Advert


1934

Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, Tuesday 6 February 1934, p. 6 (chicken’s foot)
Derry Journal, Friday 9 February 1934, p. 11 (chicken’s foot)
Lichfield Mercury, Friday 9 February 1934, p. 7 (chicken’s foot)
Daily Herald, Saturday 16 June 1934, p. 6 (chicken’s foot)


1935

The Tatler, Wednesday 6 March 1935, p. 107 (chicken-foot plaid)

1939

Bristol Evening Post, Wednesday 8 February 1939, p. 3 (chicken-foot)

(Exact terms in brackets all checked 28 November)


4. Specific Instances of the (French) Term ‘Pied de Poule’ and Variants

A simple listing of all instances of the specific term pied de poule’ and variants. Note that near relations with gaps and apostrophes of the word such as ‘Pied-de-Poule’, and synonyms ‘Pied de Poulet’, ‘Pied de Coq’ are included (but not related English translated terms such as ‘chicken’s foot’, ‘hen’s foot’ etc, of which I compile its own separate listing).


1894

Le Journal 16 June 1894 (First French reference)

Journal de Fourmies 1894

Het Nieuws van den dag van Maandag 8 October 1894, p. 20 (first Netherlands reference)

Het Nieuws van den dag van Maandag 22 October 1894, p. 20

Het Nieuws van den dag van Maandag 12 November 1894, p. ?

Het Nieuws van den dag van Maandag 3 December 1894, p. ?

Het Nieuws van den dag van Maandag 17 December 1894, p. ?


1896

Les Annales Politiques et Littéraires 9 August 1896


1906

Daily Telegraph & Courier (London), Saturday 29 September 1906, pp. 4-5 (pied de poule) A (First UK Reference)
The Pensacola Journal (US) 25 November 1906 p. 12 (First US Reference)
The Salt Lake Herald (US) 25 November 1906 p. 31


1910

The Enterprise (US) 15 September 1910 p. 7

Record Journal of Douglas (US) 16 September 1910

Barbour County index (US) 21 September 1910 p. 3

The Columbus Journal (US) 21 September 1910 p. 6

Lincoln County Leader (US) 28 October 1910 p. 2

Arnhemsche Courant 2 April 1910

Numéro Le Matin : derniers télégrammes de la nuit 10 April 1910


1912

Le XIXe siècle, 10 June 1912, p. 3

Le XIXe siècle, 21 June 1912, p. 3

Le XIXe siècle, 28 June 1912, p. 3


1913

The San Francisco Call. 10 April 1913 p. 16


1926

Britannia and Eve, Wednesday 16 June 1926, p. 20 (pied de poule) A

Femina, March, p. 28

Femina, August, p. 99

Bredasche Courant 19 June 1926

Oor Vroven en Huis 25 June 1926

Rotterdamsch newspaper 3 September 1926


1928

Femina, p. 140


1929

Femina, p. 229


1930

Chronicle (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 1 May 1930 p 66 Article (First Australian reference)


1931

Femina, March, p. 103

Le Journal, 16 June, 1931, p. 4


1932

January, p. 87


1933

News (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 27 May 1933 p 6 Article

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Tuesday 6 June 1933 p 4 Article Illustrated

Coventry Evening Telegraph, Monday 12 June 1933, pp 2-3 (pied-de-poule) A
The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Thursday 3 August 1933 p 1 Advert

Queensland Figaro (Brisbane, Qld.) Saturday 5 August 1933 p 13 Article Illustrated

Northern Star (Lismore, NSW) Wednesday 16 August 1933 p 12 Advert

The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Saturday 19 August 1933 p 1 Advert

The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Monday 21 August 1933 p 1 Advert

The Brisbane Courier (Qld.) Friday 25 August 1933 p 1 Advert

The Daily News (Perth, WA) Saturday 26 August 1933 p 19 Article Illustrated (pied de poulet)

The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Friday 1 September 1933 p 7 Article Illustrated

Truth (Brisbane, Qld.) Sunday 3 September 1933 p 19 Advert

The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld.) Tuesday 5 September 1933 p 1 Advert

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Wednesday 6 September 1933 p 5 Advert

Western Mail (Perth, WA) Thursday 21 September 1933 p 26 Article

Western Mail (Perth, WA) Thursday 21 September 1933 p 28 Article

The West Australian (Perth, WA) Friday 22 September 1933 p 7 Article

The Daily News (Perth, WA) Tuesday 10 October 1933 p 9 Article Illustrated

Femina, p. 18

Femina, p. 30


1934

The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Monday 1 January 1934 p 7 Advert

Liverpool Echo, Friday 2 February 1934, pp. 9-10 (pied-de-poule) A

Belfast Telegraph, Friday 2 February 1934, p.10 (pied-de-poule) A

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Saturday 3 February 1934 p 4 Article (pied de poulet)

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.) Tuesday 6 March 1934 p 6 Article Illustrated

The Week (Brisbane, Qld.) Wednesday 14 March 1934 p 6 Article Illustrated

Femina, p. 14


1935

Liverpool Echo, Thursday 24 October 1935, p. 12 (pied-de-poule) A

Femina, April, p. 22

Femina, June, p. 31

Femina, September, p. 33

Femina, December, p. 106

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld) Tuesday 17 December 1935 p. 19 Article


1936

The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Wednesday 18 November 1936 p. 19 Article Illustrated


1937

Femina, April, p. 22

Femina, May, p. 20

Femina, July, p. 96

Femina, September, p. 25


1938
Liverpool Echo, Wednesday 14 September 1938, pp. 9-10
Femina, March, p. 78

Femina, December, p. 74

Examine (Launceston, Tasks) Wednesday 31 August 1938 p 7 Article Illustrated or

The Irvington Gazette 1 September 1938 p. 4

The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld) Tuesday 13 September 1938 p 19 Article Illustrated


1939

Evening Despatch, Friday 3 February 1939, p. 10

Belfast Telegraph, Friday 24 February 1939, p. 14 (pied-de-poule checks) A

Evening Despatch, Friday 14 July 1939, p. 14 (pied-de-poule checked) A


Table

For an at-a-glance view of the data, below I show a table of the first instance in print of each of the terms, of the four main countries, namely Australia, France, UK and USA (and to a much lesser extent the  Netherlands) at the beginnings of houndstooth, dogtooth, chicken’s foot and pied de poule. This is then followed by a discussion of the findings.



Australia

France

New Zealand

UK

USA

Netherlands

Houndstooth

1925

1931

1933

1930

1928, 1932

1946

Dogtooth

1907

Not known

1918

1927/1929

Not known

Not known

Chicken’s Foot

1923

Not known

1933

1927

1933

Not known

Pied de Poule

1893?, 1930

1894

1933

1906

1906

1894?



Chicken’s Foot

A most surprising feature here is that the earliest references are not from the UK as would be expected, but rather from Australia, and surprisingly early to boot in the whole houndstooth study, of 1993 and 1923! Further, noticable is the sheer extent of the Australian references, which abound, much more so than that of the UK, with the first instance of 1927. What explains all this is unclear. One would expect a UK beginning, with the term exported, by means of trade or fashion shows, to Australia. Given the maturity of the archives, it seems unlikely that they are waiting to be discovered. But surely there must be earlier references in the UK!


Summary

Now, what can be drawn from all this? Well quite a lot, with a lot of surprises!  Much doesn’t make sense, if there is indeed a UK beginning, as is commonly supposed. The first reference to Houndstooth is 1930. Dogtooth is of the same date, 1930. Therefore, from the beginning both names are used interchangeably. However

oddly, references to chicken’s foot, 1923 (Australia) and pied de poule, 1906, predate this. A most odd situation indeed! Indeed, that of pied de poule not only predates not by just a few years but by at least 24! Therefore, was the pattern originally from France?

As an aside, oddly, the online dictionary of Merriam-Webster gives the first known use of houndstooth as late as 1936!


However, most surprisingly, the survey found not an initial reference to houndstooth but to Pied-de-Poule instead, and in an Australian paper too (below)! There must therefore surely be an (slightier) earlier English reference to houndstooth than that of 1931 waiting to be found. Be that as it may, beginning in 1930, the term then came into general being. Without a doubt, there are no outliers before this date, and so we can at least accurately date the beginning.  


Although peripheral to the main study, of interest is to when the related aspect of Shepherd’s Check was introduced.


5. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Shepherd's Check’


1837

Northern Whig Saturday 23 September 1837 p. 3 Article BNA

Northern Whig Saturday 30 September 1837 p. 3 Article BNA

Northern Whig Saturday 7 October 1837 p. 3 Article BNA


1838

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Monday 26 November 1838 p 3 Advert Tr


1839

Southern Australian (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 28 August 1839 p 2 Advert Tr

South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 31 August 1839 p 3 Advert

Southern Australian (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 4 September 1839 p 1 Advert

South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA) Saturday 7 September 1839 p 1 Advert

Southern Australian (Adelaide, SA) Wednesday 11 September 1839 p 1 Advert


1840

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Monday 13 April 1840 p 5 Advert

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Monday 13 April 1840 p 2 Advert

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 14 April 1840 p 3 Advert

The Colonist (Sydney, NSW) Wednesday 15 April 1840 p 3 Adver

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW) Friday 17 April 1840 p 4 Advert

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Monday 20 April 1840 p 2 Advert

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 21 April 1840 p 4 Advert


1841

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Friday 9 April 1841 p 3 Advert

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Friday 9 April 1841 p 3 Advert

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW) Saturday 10 April 1841 p 3 Advert

Free Press and Commercial Journal (Sydney) Saturday 10 April 1841 p 3 Advert

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Saturday 10 April 1841 p 4 Advert

The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW) Saturday 10 April 1841 p 3 Advert

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Monday 12 April 1841 p 4 Advert

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Monday 12 April 1841 p 1 Advert

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Tuesday 13 April 1841 p 3 Advert

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW) Tuesday 13 April 1841 p 4 Advert

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Friday 16 April 1841 p 3 Advert

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Friday 16 April 1841 p 3 Advert

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney) Saturday 17 April 1841 p 3 Advert

The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW) Saturday 17 April 1841 p 3 Advert

Free Press and Commercial Journal (Sydney, NSW) Saturday 17 April 1841 p 3 Advert

The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW) Monday 19 April 1841 p 4 Advert

The Sydney Herald (NSW) Monday 19 April 1841 p 3 Advert


1846

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 23 November 1846 p 1 Advert


1850

Richmond Enquirer March 19, 1850, Image 3 (*Shepherd and Belgic checks) First US

1852

Falkirk Herald Thursday 29 April 1852 p. 1 Advert BNA

Falkirk Herald Thursday 6 May 1852 p. 1 Advert BNA

Falkirk Herald Thursday 13 May 1852 p. 1 Advert BNA


1853

Wheeling Daily Intelligencer* February 19, 1853, (second US reference) (*Shepherd’s check)

Wheeling Daily Intelligencer February 21, 1853, Image 3
Falkirk Herald Thursday 17 November 1853 p. 1 Article BNA


1854

Alton Weekly Courier Thursday, April 27, 1854 NA


1856

Saunders's News-Letter Tuesday 13 May 1856  Article p. 4 BNA
Liverpool Mercury Friday 21 November 1856  Advert p. 1 BNA


1857

The Evansville Daily Journal* March 4, 1857, (*Shepherd Checks)

Bedford Inquirer and Chronicle April 17, 1857, Image 3 (*Shepherd Checks)

Aris's Birmingham Gazette Monday 29 June 1857 Advert p. 4 BNA

Aris's Birmingham Gazette Monday 24 August 1857 Advert p. 4 BNA


1859

Poole & Dorset Herald Thursday 24 March 1859 Article p. 1 BNA



Selected:

Le Temps 31 March 1933 (First (and only!) French reference)

Freeport Journal Standard Thursday, April 11, 1935, (first US reference) NA


* Too many references of the same source to list


6. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Gun Club Check’


1884

Western Daily Press Wednesday 17 December 1884 p. 3 (first UK reference) BNA

Herts & Cambs Reporter & Royston Crow Friday 19 December 1884 p. 6 BNA
Tavistock Gazette Friday 19 December 1884 p. 6 BNA

Buckingham Advertiser and Free Press Saturday 20 December 1884 p. 2 BNA
Kentish Independent Saturday 20 December 1884 p. 6 BNA

1894

Coventry Herald Friday 12 January 1894 p. 4 BNA
Coventry Herald Friday 19 January 1894 p. 4 BNA

1897

Evening Star (Washington, D.C.) November 27, 1897, Page 19, CA (first US reference)


1898

Omaha Daily Bee January 4, 1898, Page 3, CA

Boston Sunday Globe Sunday, January 30, 1898, Boston, Massachusetts  NA

Marshall Daily Chronicle Wednesday, September 14, 1898, Marshall, Michigan NA
Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail Friday 29 March 1901 p. 2 BNA

The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (NSW) Saturday 14 September 1901 p 5 Advert (First Australian reference) Tr


By Decades:

UK - 1880-1889 (5), 1890-1899 (2), 1900-1909 (33), 1910-1919 (2), 1920-1929 (28), 1930-1939 (31), 1940-1949 (5) BNA

Australia - 1880-1889 (0), 1890-1899 (0),1900-1909 (23), 1910-1919 (86), 1920-1929 (13), 1930-1939 (96), 1940-1949 (19) Tr

US - 1880-1889 (0), 1890-1899 (10),1900-1909 (4), 1910-1919 (37), 1920-1929 (2), 1930-1939 (64), 1940-1949 (55) NA

France - Not known


7. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Prince of Wales Check’


1864

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 11 January 1864 p 2 Advert Tr (first Australian reference)

The Age (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 12 January 1864 p 2 Advert Tr

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Thursday 4 February 1864 p 2 Advert Tr


1866

Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld.) Tuesday 13 March 1866 p 1 Advert Tr


1904

Hamilton Evening Democrat Friday, September 30, 1904, Hamilton, Ohio NA (first US reference)


1920

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Monday 28 June 1920 p 3 Advert Tr


1921

Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Friday 29 July 1921 p 4 Advert Tr

Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.) Friday 12 August 1921 p 4 Advert Tr


1922

Diss Express Friday 21 April 1922 p. 5 Article (first UK reference) BNA

Kingston Daily Freeman Monday, September 11, 1922 NA


1923

Waukesha Daily Freeman Friday, March 30, 1923 NA


1924

Belfast Telegraph Thursday 29 May 1924 p. 3 Article BNA

Muscatine Journal and News Tribune Thursday, December 4, 1924, Muscatine, Iowa NA

Liverpool Echo Tuesday 9 December 1924 p. 1 Article BNA


1926

Muscatine Journal and News Tribune Wednesday, July 28, 1926, NA

Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 17 October 1926 p 15 Article Tr

The Newcastle Sun (NSW) Wednesday 24 November 1926 p 3 Article Tr


1927

Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW) Friday 8 July 1927 p 8 Advert Tr

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas.) Thursday 22 September 1927 p 3 Article Tr

1932

Portsmouth Evening News Friday 11 March 1932 p. 11 BNA

Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette Friday 12 February 1932 Article p. 12 BNA


1933

Kalgoorlie Miner (WA) Saturday 1 July 1933 p 7 Advert Tr.


UK - 1920-1929 (2), 1930-1939 (48), 1940-1949 (17) BNA

Not known in France


6. Specific Instances of the Term ‘Glenurquhart Check’


1869

London Echo Monday, April 5, 1869 NA (first UK reference)

London Echo Monday, April 7, 1869 NA

London Echo Monday, April 12, 1869 NA

London Echo Monday, April 14, 1869 NA

London Echo Monday, April 16, 1869 NA

Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Friday 6 August 1869 Advert p. 1 BNA
Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Friday 11 August 1869 Advert p. 1 BNA
Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Friday 13 August 1869 Advert p. 1 BNA
Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Friday 14 August 1869 Advert p. 1 BNA
Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Friday 16 August 1869 Advert p. 1 BNA
Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Friday 18 August 1869 Advert p. 1 BNA
Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Friday 21 August 1869 Advert p. 1 BNA

1870

North London News Saturday 8 January 1870 pp. 3-4 BNA

1875

Belfast News-Letter Friday 3 September 1875 Advert p. 1 BNA
Belfast News-Letter Saturday 4 September 1875 p. 1 BNA

1889

Dublin Daily Express Tuesday 14 May 1889 Article p. 4 BNA


1891

Freeman's Journal Thursday 27 August 1891 Advert p. 4 BNA

1892

Dundee Evening Telegraph Wednesday 11 May 1892  Advert p. 4 BNA


1911

Rock Island Argus March 2, 1911, p. 10, CA (first US reference)


1914

Winnipeg Free Press Saturday, March 28, 1914 (first Canada reference) NA


1915

The Evening World March 16, 1915, CA


1920

Huon Times (Franklin, Tas.) Tuesday 22 June 1920 p 3 Advert (first Australian reference)


Selected

Le Gaulois littéraire et politique 19 October 1925 (first French reference)

Dunkirk Evening Observer Saturday, March 11, 1933 NA

Berkeley Daily Gazette Monday, December 23, 1935  (Gives an interesting back story) NA



Created 29 November 2018. Update 7, 14 December 2018


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